Bunions: what they are, symptoms and treatments

Bunions: what they are, symptoms and treatments

Bunions, or hallux valgus as they are technically known, are one of the most frequent foot pathologies. Today Dr. Antonio Narváez, head of the Orthopedic Surgery, Traumatology and Sports Medicine Service at Vithas Xanit Internacional, tells us more details about this deformation of the foot, its symptoms and possible treatments.

Bunions are a deformation of the big toe joint (more specifically, to the metatarsal-phalangeal joint of the first toe, secondarily affecting the sesamoid bones), which causes it to deviate more and more towards the second toe, arriving in the most severe cases to push the other fingers of the foot, causing an even greater deformation. At the same time, an outward protuberance is generated in said joint that widens the foot.

Once it occurs, the deformation caused by bunions gradually worsens, and depending on the degree of deviation, it is considered more or less severe.

Symptoms caused by bunions

The symptoms caused by this deformation are inflammation, irritation and redness in the affected joint causing pain, which is worsened by friction with shoes or when walking. The pain generally worsens the greater the degree of deviation.

Diagnosis and treatment of bunions

The diagnosis of this pathology is simple for the specialist, through a physical examination, which is complemented by a radiological test to determine the degree of deviation and the severity of the deformity, in order to decide which is the most appropriate treatment.

The treatment used will depend on how severe the deformation is:

  • Conservative treatment: in those mild cases, in which the pain is mild and hardly affects the ability to walk and quality of life, a conservative treatment is chosen first, using appropriate orthopedic footwear (wide and flat), insoles, and also physiotherapy exercises. With this type of treatment, the objective is to reduce pain and symptoms, as well as slow the progress of the deformation.
  • Surgery treatment: on the other hand, in those more severe cases in which the quality of life of the patient is seriously affected, or in which after trying conservative treatments they are insufficient, surgical treatment is used. The technique used may vary, depending on the severity of the deformity and the complexity of the case. More information about bunion surgery (hallux valgus).

Treatment of bunions at Vithas Xanit Internacional

If you need a specialist in the treatment of bunions, in the Orthopedic Surgery, Traumatology and Sports Medicine Service at Vithas Xanit Internacional you will find the best specialists who, through the use of minimally invasive techniques and the latest technology, allow us to offer our patients the best results in the treatment or surgery of bunions or any other foot problem. Contact us for more information or make an appointment.

Vithas hospitals are safe hospitals

Vithas’ 20 hospitals are safe hospitals for patients and professionals thanks to the implementation of strict safety protocols against covid-19. Among the measures implemented, the establishment of two different circuits stands out: one for people with symptoms compatible with covid-19, and the other for other patients.

Additionally, we supply masks and hydroalcoholic gel to all people who come to the hospital for any reason. In addition, the Group is carrying out massive virus detection tests on all personnel, who are equipped with all the necessary self-protection measures.

A security that has always been reinforced thanks to the fact that all Vithas hospitals implement the strict protocols of the Joint Commission International, world reference body that accredits patient safety and healthcare excellence.

For more information: https://preparadosparacuidarte.com/