• 07 FEB 19
    What is carpal tunnel syndrome? Symptoms, causes and treatment

    What is carpal tunnel syndrome? Symptoms, causes and treatment

    Carpal tunnel syndrome is a condition that affects the hands of the patient. Its main symptoms are numbness and pain in the hands, as well as difficulty moving both hand and fingers.

    The carpal tunnel is a structure that is located in the wrist so that, if we place the hand with the palm up, the base and walls of this tunnel are formed by the bones of the wrist (also known as carpal), while the roof of said tunnel is formed by the so-called transversal carpal ligament. Through this tunnel pass from the forearm to the hand both the nine flexor tendons that are responsible for flexing the fingers, and the median nerve, responsible for the sensitivity of the thumb, index, middle and part of the ring finger, as well as control the muscles at the base of the thumb.

    When the median nerve is pressed and compressed, due to inflammation of the surrounding tissues, it is when the carpal tunnel syndrome and its symptoms occur.

    Causes of carpal tunnel syndrome

    As already mentioned, carpal tunnel syndrome occurs when the median nerve is compressed due to inflammation of the surrounding tissues. These tissues that surround both the median nerve and the flexor tendons form what is known as the synovial membrane, and can become inflamed for many different causes.

    Among the causes that can cause the appearance of this syndrome are the following:

    • The hereditary factor plays an important role, since some people have a narrower carpal tunnel and are more prone to suffer from this syndrome. This smaller carpal tunnel feature is something that can be inherited
    • The use of the hand (especially if it is intensive) over time is another factor that can contribute to the appearance of carpal tunnel syndrome.
    • Hormonal changes in pregnancy can also influence.
    • Age is another factor, so it is more frequent in people of advanced age
    • Other medical conditions, such as diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis and imbalances of the thyroid gland, can also contribute to its appearance.

    In most cases of carpal tunnel syndrome, it is usually a combination of several causes that causes it, and not a single one.

    Treatment for carpal tunnel syndrome

    There are several treatments to treat carpal tunnel syndrome. If it is detected at a sufficiently early stage, there are non-surgical treatments to relieve it and prevent it from going over. However, if these non-surgical treatments do not work, the carpal tunnel syndrome is already at an advanced stage, or the case is severe, then it is necessary to resort to surgery.

    This surgery is usually performed by an endoscopic technique, so it is only necessary to make a small incision in the wrist, through which the surgeon accesses and cuts the transverse carpal ligament that forms “the roof” of the carpal tunnel. This increases the size of the carpal tunnel reducing this way the pressure on the nerve. When the ligament begins to heal it grows transversally, leaving the tunnel with more space for the nerve and tendons than before performing the surgery.

    The intervention is short and it is an outpatient procedure, which is usually done under local anesthesia.

    Treatment for carpal tunnel syndrome at Vithas Xanit International Hospital

    Finally, remember that in case you need the assistance of a specialist in the treatment for carpal tunnel syndrome, at Vithas Xanit International Hospital we are at your disposal to help you. Contact us for more information or make an appointment.

Department Patient Care
Xanit International Hospital

I really appreciate and thank all the staff at Vithas Xanit International Hospital.  They certainly helped to make my stay in hospital more relaxing, and less painful than usual, in spite of my illness. I feel that I have just come out of a charming small hotel rather than a large hospital.


Medical Specialities

  • Hair Transplantation Unit

    At Vithas Xanit we offer the most advanced technology for hair transplantation surgery and for non surgical treatments. We attend both men and women, suffering from any capillary loss, either on the scalp or in any other body area (beard, moustache, eyebrows or eyelashes).

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    Cosmetic Surgery and Anti Aging

    At Hospital Vithas Xanit Internacional, the Cosmetic and Plastic Surgery Unit helps patients to feel good about themselves.
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    At Hospital Vithas Xanit Internacional, we guarantee high quality dental treatments such as dental surgery (dental implants, sinus lift) or cosmetic dentistry treatments (dental crown, dental bridge, veneers, dentures, etc.).

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    Orthopedic Surgery and Trauma

    Orthopedic surgery quality and prices vary from country to country and Spain combines the best of both worlds.
    The most requested health tourism orthopedic surgeries are hip replacement and knee replacement. At Hospital Vithas Xanit Internacional, these procedures are performed using arthroscopy and Minimally Invasive Techniques (MIS).

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    Heart Surgery

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    Obesity treatment and Bariatric Surgery

    Obesity is considered to be one of Western countries’ major health issues and consequently the demand for bariatric surgery is on the up, particularly concerning gastric banding and gastric bypass
    Our surgeons have been widely trained in this area, with over 20 years’ experience in all bariatric surgeries. They are all done by laparoscopy.

  • Digestive Surgery – Gallbladder Surgery

    Digestive Surgery – Gallbladder Surgery

    The General Surgery and Digestive System Service at Hospital Vithas Xanit Internacional can boast the most advanced technology and latest generation equipment for treating a wide variety of digestive pathologies such as in gallbladder. This service offers advanced laparoscopy surgery as the main way of tackling most surgical pathologies.

  • Urology – TURP

    Urology – TURP

    The Hospital Vithas Xanit Internacional Urology service employs European Board of Urology-certified urologists. This unit offers patients the latest diagnosis techniques, treatments and procedures. At our International Hospital, Transurethral Resection of the Prostate (TURP) is the most frequently used technique to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia.

  • Vascular Surgery – Phlebology

    Vascular Surgery – Phlebology

    Venous insufficiency is a chronic pathology that affects one in three adults. It is characterised by a deficient blood return in the lower limbs.
    Our International Hospital medical team has wide-ranging experience in sclerotherapy with micro-foam, varicose vein removal with endovascular laser, ambulatory phlebectomy and the C.H.I.V.A technique, among others.

  • Spinal Surgery

    Spinal Surgery

    Slipped discs and spinal stenosis usually affect the lumbar and cervical spine and the spinal surgery most requested by our international patients is laminectomy, as well as arthroplasty of the intervertebral disk and spinal fusion.

  • Ophtalmology and laser eye surgery

    Ophtalmology and laser eye surgery

    Our international hospital uses a new femtosecond laser, the most technologically advanced refractive surgery system currently available. It can correct long-sightedness and refractive defects such as short sightedness, astigmatism or hypermetropia in a single operation.
    The most popular ophthalmology surgeries among our international patients are laser eye surgery, glaucoma and cataract surgery.

  • Imaging Diagnosis

    Imaging Diagnosis

    Radiology and nuclear medicine are medical specialties that focus on the diagnosis of diseases through the interpretation of images. They provide fundamental information for the Medical Check-Up Unit. At Hospital Vithas Xanit Internationalthese two specialities are integrated into a single service in order to provide the maximum reliability and diagnostic coordination.

  • Medical check up

    Medical check up

    Evolving health concepts, greater longevity and technological developments mean that it is increasingly important to detect and make an early diagnosis on diseases and prevent them.
    Therefore, periodic health check-up is the most efficient and secure way of controlling your health.

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology – Hysterectomy

    Obstetrics and Gynecology – Hysterectomy

    Various conditions might lead to a hysterectomy or uterine ablation: uterine cancer, cervical cancer, ovarian cancer, uterine fibroids, endometriosis, uterine prolapse, adenomyosis.
    This surgery can be traumatising for women and so the psychology department at Hospital Vithas Xanit Internacional helps women through this process.