What should I do if I get conjunctivitis? Advices and solutions

What is conjunctivitis?

Conjunctivitis is one of the most frequent and treatable eye conditions, especially in children. It consists of inflammation or infection in the transparent membrane (conjunctiva) that lines the inside of the eyelid and the sclera or white part of the eyeball.

What are the symptoms of conjunctivitis?

The symptoms may vary depending on the cause, however, the most common include redness of the white sclera of the eye, itching, irritation or burning in the eyes, an increase in the amount of tears and discharge, drainage of the eyes and a greater sensitivity to light.

Are there several types of conjunctivitis?

Depending on the agent that causes the infection, there are several types:

  • Viral conjunctivitis and bacterial conjunctivitis, respectively caused by a virus or bacteria, both types can be associated with colds or with symptoms of a respiratory infection, such as sore throat.
  • Allergic conjunctivitis, which is the body’s response to a substance that causes an allergy.
  • Conjunctivitis as a result of irritation, may be caused by a chemical or by the presence of a foreign body in the eye.

Can I use contact lenses with conjunctivitis?

No. Using contact lenses when you have conjunctivitis is highly contraindicated, especially if it is infectious. The contact lenses behave like a foreign body if the eye is irritated and can worsen the situation, even causing a serious corneal injury.

Why conjunctivitis occurs frequently in children?

Children are more likely to get it because they often have respiratory infections and colds.

Can I put on makeup if I have conjunctivitis?

No, makeup can favor eye irritation while the infection lasts, in addition, if you make up your eyes, with shadow, mascara or eyeliner, the virus contaminates your makeup and, once it heals, you could self-infect again.

I have conjunctivitis since a few days ago. Is it dangerous for me to get tears with blood?

Some types of virus responsible for conjunctivitis can cause small hemorrhages due to inflammation, due to the rupture of a small vessel on the surface of the inflamed conjunctiva. Consult your ophthalmologist to rule out some complications.

How can I avoid infecting someone?

Conjunctivitis is very contagious and spreads easily and quickly from person to person. You can reduce the risk of infecting other people by washing your hands frequently, avoiding touching your eyes, covering your nose and mouth when coughing and sneezing, and avoiding sharing makeup, contact lenses and other personal hygiene items such as cloths, towels and handkerchiefs.

How can I avoid conjunctivitis in the future?

There are simple precautions that can reduce the risk of conjunctivitis, it is recommended that you: do not touch your eyes with your hands, wash your hands frequently several times a day and, if you are going to swim, use swimming goggles to protect your eyes of bacteria or other microorganisms.

Whether you experience one or more of the symptoms or have conjunctivitis, do not hesitate to contact us, Dr. Ángel Cilveti, Head of the Department of Ophthalmology at the International Hospital of Xanit, will be responsible for the diagnosis and cure of your condition.