Presbyopia is defined as the anomaly of vision as the cause of age. Also known as a tired sight, it usually manifests from the age of 45, to a greater or lesser extent according to the effort we make with the sight in our day to day.
The main cause for which we do not see well with presbyopia is because the lens becomes less flexible and more rigid, since it is difficult for it to change shape.
At this point, the main daily activities of everyday life such as reading, watching TV, sewing or writing, costs us a little more each year than when we are young.
An eye with presbyopia, it is difficult for him to focus mainly closely, although now, later, in this same article, we will see the different types of presbyopia that exist.
How is it detected?
When we notice that our vision is not clear in the tasks with which we had no difficulty before, it is best that we go to our ophthalmologist to perform a complete examination.
This test will consist of dilating the pupil to study the degree of tired sight that our eye or our eyes have.
In the same consultation, the ophthalmologist will explain what techniques or remedies exist to combat it according to our degree of vision and visual characteristics of each patient.
What remedies are there?
To correct this visual anomaly there are different types of techniques such as:
- Use of progressive or multifocal glasses, to see well both near and far
- Glasses to see closely
- Bifocal glasses to correct presbyopia along with other vision defects such as myopia, astigmatism or farsightedness. These glasses have a window to see objects close up, although there is also a striking model that consists of opening the crystals in half
- Implantation of an intraocular lens
- Laser Surgery
Today, specialists recommend laser surgery or implantation of the intraocular lens as the most effective remedies against this visual anomaly.
Implantation of an intraocular lens
It consists of the extraction of the lens to replace it with an artificial multifocal lens, which will assume from the moment of the intervention, the functions of the lens, thus focusing correctly, both near and far.
It is a quick, easy and short recovery intervention. For this reason, it is one of the most effective remedies for people who want to leave behind their glasses or lenses of daily use.
An extra benefit of intraocular lenses is that in addition to correcting the abnormality of vision that we have, it prevents cataracts in the coming period due to the replacement of the lens.
Unlike intraocular lens intervention, where it is treated inside the eye, in laser surgery, the treated area is the surface of the eye.
Its main mission is to correct defects in the curvature of the cornea that prevent it from seeing correctly.
As with the intraocular lens, it corrects the vision problems we have.
More effective method against presbyopia
Having said all the above regarding the best techniques to prevent and correct presbyopia, undoubtedly, the most effective technique that eliminates the root problem is the implantation of the intraocular lens.
The procedure is performed with local anesthesia and lasts no longer than 20 minutes.
The only disadvantage is that the lens can not be replaced, so it lasts for a lifetime.
At the Vithas Xanit International Hospital in Benalmadena, belonging to the Vithas group, in the Ophthalmology unit, Dr Cilveti is the most experienced professional in the field of correction of vision abnormalities.