What is hip replacement surgery?
The intervention of hip prosthesis consists of the replacement or restoration of a damaged joint, specifically the hip. The prosthesis is composed of metal alloys, which is implanted to replace the damaged hip when it has lost its natural mobility.
In a hip replacement or hip arthroplasty, an artificial hip prosthesis is used to replace the hip joint, replacing the acetabulum or part of the joint that belongs to the pelvis and/or the part of the joint that belongs to the femur.
What parts is the prosthesis made of?
A hip prosthesis consists of three elements:
- A hemispherical dome, which is placed in the cavity of the pelvis, or acetabulum, which remains in place once the femur has been removed.
- A rod fixed inside the upper end of the femur.
- A sphere that replaces the head of the femur and is lodged in the cavity or acetabulum of the pelvis. This part of the prosthesis is what will really allow the movement of the hip.
How is the recovery after the intervention?
The recovery is usually quite fast and physiotherapy starts early after the intervention to strengthen the muscles. The average life of a prosthesis can be around 20 years.
When is hip replacement surgery necessary?
Hip replacement surgery is needed when joint wear or damage to the hip causes reduced mobility and pain. The most common reason for a hip replacement is severe osteoarthritis, but it may also be necessary in the case of other diseases that can damage the hip and in certain types of fractures of the femur.
How long is the intervention?
The hip surgery lasts approximately 2 hours and it is performed under general or locoregional (spinal) anesthesia.
How long will I have to be in the hospital after hip replacement surgery?
The usual stay in the hospital after the operation is between 5 and 10 days, depending on the particular case.
What types of interventions are there?
Hip replacement can be performed as a total hip replacement surgery or as a partial replacement of the hip. In the total hip replacement, both the acetabulum (the cavity in the pelvis) and the femoral head are replaced, while in the hemiarthoplasty only the femoral head is replaced. Of those types, total hip replacement is the most commonly performed.
How will be the rehabilitation?
Hip replacement is a surgery that usually requires intensive rehabilitation for several weeks, starting the day after the total hip replacement is placed.
Vithas Xanit International Hospital is located in Benalmádena, in the heart of the Costa del Sol (Malaga, Spain), where you can benefit from the excellent quality / price ratio of treatments in Spain, and recover from your surgery with the advantages of the Mediterranean climate.
If you are interested in hip replacement surgery at Vithas Xanit International Hospital, contact us to obtain an estimate of the cost of the surgery for your particular case.