The leg problems that are treated in the specialty of traumatology are very varied, from injuries of various kinds and severity, to degenerative conditions or pathologies.
Often, one of the questions that patients ask in traumatology consultations is whether their case requires surgery or some other type of treatment. In this article, Dr. Antonio Narváez, head of orthopedic surgery, traumatology and sports medicine service at Vithas Xanit Internacional, tells us what are the treatments for some of the most frequent injuries and pathologies in the legs, and in which cases surgery is required.
Sprains consist of injuries to the lateral ligaments and are classified depending on their severity in three degrees: grade 1 when it comes to an elongation of the ligament; grade 2 if it is a partial tear; and grade 3 if it is a complete tear of the ligament.
In the vast majority of cases, treatment is conservative, consisting of immobilization and subsequent physiotherapy, obtaining very good recovery results that allow the patient to return to their work and/or sports routine without any problem.
Only in some grade 3 cases, when it comes to elite athletes or other people with a high functional demand, can surgery be considered to repair the injured ligament.
The meniscus is a fibrocartilage that is found in different joints between bones, so that it is responsible for cushioning impacts and transmitting loads, thus protecting the cartilage of the joint.
Of the different meniscus, the meniscus of the knees are the most frequently injured. In some cases, a meniscus tear does not cause symptoms, but in others it can cause pain, repeated strokes, and limited mobility, preventing a normal life.
It is then, in those cases in which it causes symptoms, when surgical treatment is required. This surgery, which consists of suturing the injured meniscus or resecting the broken part, is carried out in a minimally invasive way using arthroscopy, thus allowing a faster recovery.
Osteoarthritis in the knee
In cases of ailments such as osteoarthritis and the like, the initial treatment consists of rest, anti-inflammatory medication, and physiotherapy. If this first treatment does not have good results, a treatment is performed by infiltrations with corticosteroids or hyaluronic acid. Recently, infiltrations of platelet growth factors, made with platelets extracted from the patient, are being used, which are giving very good results in cases in not very advanced stages.
In those cases that are very advanced, the recommended treatment is a knee prosthesis, which is implanted by surgery.
Traumatology treatments at Vithas Xanit Internacional
If you need a specialist in the treatment of any problem or pathology of the legs or any other part of the musculoskeletal system, in the orthopedic surgery, traumatology and sports medicine service at Vithas Xanit Internacional you will find the best specialists, who together with our cutting-edge technology and the most recent minimally invasive techniques, allow us to offer you the best possible results in your treatment. Contact us for more information or make an appointment.
Vithas hospitals are safe hospitals
Vithas’ 19 hospitals are safe hospitals for patients and professionals thanks to the implementation of strict safety protocols against covid-19. Among the measures implemented, the establishment of two different circuits stands out: one for people with symptoms compatible with covid-19, and the other for other patients.
Additionally, we supply masks and hydroalcoholic gel to all people who come to the hospital for any reason. In addition, the Group is carrying out massive virus detection tests on all personnel, who are equipped with all the necessary self-protection measures.
A security that has always been reinforced thanks to the fact that all Vithas hospitals implement the strict protocols of the Joint Commission International, world reference body that accredits patient safety and healthcare excellence.
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