Cataract surgery is one of the most frequently performed ophthalmology surgeries. In this article we answer some of the most frequent questions posed by patients about cataract surgery.
How can I know if I have cataracts?
At first, when the cataract begins to appear it is not very dense and difficult to perceive, but as it progresses, the vision becomes more and more cloudy, becoming more blurred, and the lights begin to produce more glare. If we perceive the appearance of these symptoms we should go to the ophthalmologist to find out if it is cataracts or another visual problem to be diagnosed.
At what age do cataracts appear?
In general, they begin to appear in people older than 60 years, although it is also possible that in some people they begin to appear earlier, starting at age 50, as for example in the case of many myopic patients with high graduations.
If I have cataracts and presbyopia, can both problems be eliminated in the same intervention?
Yes, thanks to the most recent multifocal intraocular lenses, it is also possible to eliminate the problem of presbyopia during cataract surgery itself. The cataract is formed when the crystalline becomes opaque and hardens due to aging, so cataract surgery basically consists of replacing the crystalline with an intraocular lens. If a multifocal lens is used to replace it, it is possible to focus for see at different distances (far, intermediate and close) without glasses.
I have been diagnosed with cataracts, is it necessary to wait for the cataract to be at an advanced stage to undergo surgery?
No. Although in many cases it is waited until the cataract begins to cause a decrease in vision that limits the patient in their daily lives. It is not necessary to wait, being perfectly possible to perform the surgery as soon as it is diagnosed to forget the cataracts as soon as possible if the patient so wishes.
Can cataracts be removed by laser?
The laser can be used in some steps of the surgery, although not all the process of this surgery is done by laser. Currently, cataract surgery can be performed through two variants: the most traditional method, which uses ultrasound to fragment the opacified crystalline to be able to remove it and replace it with a lens; and the femtosecond laser-assisted method, in which the laser is used both to fragment the crystalline (instead of using ultrasound) and to make the minimal incisions needed to remove the remains of the crystalline and implant the lens. In this way, the use of the laser allows this surgery to be performed even less invasively, with greater precision and safety.
Can both eyes be operated at the same time?
No. Normally, each eye is operated in different surgery sessions, so that, after surgery on the first eye, some days of recovery are allowed to pass before the second eye is intervened.
Will I feel pain during or after the surgery?
No, neither during nor after. The patient only feels a small sensation of pressure in the eye during the operation and may have a slight stinging in the following hours after the surgery.
Is it necessary to take any precaution before surgery?
Before surgery you can have a completely normal life, although the specialist will indicate the use of drops in the days before surgery. Of course, the day of surgery you cannot use makeup or facial cream, as it would interfere with the intervention.
Is it necessary to stay in hospital after cataract surgery?
No. This surgery is considered ambulatory, so after a while of rest after surgery the patient can go home.
When can I go back to normal life after surgery?
After surgery of the second eye, usually a week after the patients can resume their daily lives, taking some precautions such as not touching or hitting the eyes, especially the first month. During the first weeks following the surgery, the specialist will instruct you to follow a treatment with eye drops, anti-inflammatories and antibiotics.
Can cataracts reappear after surgery?
No. Unlike the crystalline, the intraocular lens that replaces it after surgery cannot be opacified with the passage of time, so once the cataracts are operated they cannot reappear.
How much does cataract surgery cost?
In our prices guide you will find the minimum cost for cataract surgery. The cost may vary depending on several factors, such as the type of intraocular lens implanted to replace the crystalline during surgery, so if you want a more accurate estimate of the cost in your case please contact us.
Cataract surgery at Vithas Xanit International Hospital
In the Ophthalmology Unit at Vithas Xanit International Hospital you will find the best specialists with extensive experience in cataract surgery, which is one of the most frequent surgeries in ophthalmology. We use the latest technology, including the use of femtosecond laser, resulting in a procedure that is less invasive and even more accurate and safer than traditional surgery. For more information or make an appointment please contact us.