In this article we answer some of the most frequently asked questions about knee prosthesis surgery.
What is knee prosthesis surgery?
The knee prosthesis surgery consists of replacing the original knee joint (or part of it) with an artificial prosthesis.
At Vithas xanit International Hospital this surgery is performed using minimally invasive techniques, so that recovery and rehabilitation after surgery is as short as possible.
When is knee prosthesis surgery necessary
This surgery is used when wear or damage to the knee joint causes loss of mobility and pain.
Although it is a very frequent surgery and it is one of the surgeries with the highest success rate, it is considered major surgery and normally it is only recommended in case other treatments, physiotherapy, etc… have not been able to alleviate the pain and/or improve Mobility.
How is a knee prosthesis?
In the case of the knee prosthesis, it consists mainly of three parts: a femoral prosthesis, which is an articulated piece of metal that is attached to the femur; a tibial prosthesis, also made of metal, which is attached to the tibia and on which the joint rests; and a third part of a plastic material that articulates the previous two, allowing movement while stabilizing the joint.
Is any preparation necessary before the surgery?
Before performing the surgery, the patient must be in an optimal state of health. In the case of suffering from a chronic disease (diabetes, hypertension, arrhythmias, etc…), these must be controlled before the surgery can be performed.
In any case, the specialists will previously assess the patient’s health status to determine if it is possible to perform the surgery safely.
How long is the surgery?
The knee prosthesis surgery lasts about 2 hours, during which general or locoregional anesthesia is used.
How long is the hospitalization after surgery?
Depending on the case, stay in the hospital after the surgery goes from 5 to 10 days.
How is rehabilitation after surgery and how long does it last?
After knee prosthesis surgery, intensive rehabilitation is necessary for several weeks. Thanks to our specialists in physiotherapy we get the rehabilitation to take place in the shortest possible time.
When can I return to my usual routine at home?
In general, most patients can perform their normal routine at home approximately 1 month after surgery, although this time depends on the patient following the prescribed rehabilitation program properly and in a disciplined manner.
When can I return to work?
The time of return to work after knee prosthesis surgery depends largely on the type of work and activity performed, but it is usually between 3 and 6 months after surgery.
Is it possible to exercise after knee prosthesis surgery?
Yes, although it is recommended to carry out only low impact sports activities, such as cycling, walking, golf, swimming, dancing… Depending on the general health of the patient, activities of greater intensity are possible, but they can reduce the duration of the prosthesis due to the greater wear produced by such high intensity activities.
How long does a knee prosthesis last?
The average duration of a knee prosthesis is usually about 20 years, although it can vary depending on many factors, including: the patient’s activity, overweight, the quality of the bones… In those cases, in which the components of the prosthesis wear out or loosen over time, it would be necessary to change the prosthesis.
How much does knee prosthesis surgery cost?
In our prices guide you can check what is currently the minimum cost of knee prosthesis surgery in our international hospital. Because the cost could vary depending on the case, if you want a more accurate estimate of the cost this surgery will have in your case please contact us.
Knee prosthesis surgery at Vithas Xanit
In the Orthopedic Surgery, Traumatology and Sports Medicine Service at Vithas Xanit International Hospital we have the best specialists, which together with the latest techniques and the latest advances in technology allow us to offer our patients the best results in knee prosthesis surgery. For more information or to request an appointment, please contact us.