Hypertension is one of the most common pathologies in today’s society, being one of its main problems its high rate of affected in the population. In Spain alone, it affects 35% of the population, a figure that increases to 70% in people over 65 years.
This pathology, if not controlled, can lead to serious problems in the patient’s health.
Risk Factors for Hypertension
“There is a link between hypertension and other cardiovascular risk factors such as diabetes, obesity, hypercholesterolemia, smoking, or chronic kidney disease. This means that this association increases exponentially the risk of cardiovascular events such as myocardial infarction, stroke or peripheral arterial disease, among others.”, explains Dr. Franquelo, Head of the Nephrology Service at Vithas Xanit International Hospital.
“Controlling these risk factors becomes one of the keys to lowering that risk that is behind more than 40% of the heart attacks, so the specialists insist on the importance of an adequate diagnosis,” adds the specialist.
Hypertension and cardiovascular diseases
“Hypertension is related to the development of cardiovascular diseases, which are the leading cause of death in occidental countries. For this reason, Vithas Xanit insists on the importance of early diagnosis of this pathology, that although it is easy to diagnose, there is a large percentage of undetected patients.
Diagnose and prevent hypertension
To diagnose this pathology, it is only necessary to measure the patient’s blood pressure, preferably in a health center and by always qualified personnel.
Specialists also insist on the importance of avoiding the risk factors that can lead to the onset of the disease. “Although there are some risk factors that cannot be controlled, such as family inheritance, age or some diseases associated with this pathology such as diabetes mellitus, there are others that depend on us.
For example, excessive intake of alcohol, salt or animal fat, lack of exercise, excess body weight, or increased blood cholesterol levels significantly increase the risk of developing hypertension.
An education in healthy habits for patients becomes the key to avoid this and other pathologies, allowing to improve, in this way, the quality of life of the patient.