Hypertension: what it is, diagnosis and treatment

Hypertension: what it is, diagnosis and treatment

It is known as hypertension when a person’s blood pressure exceeds a certain number.

Blood pressure is the force that blood exerts on the walls of the blood vessels when it is propelled by the heart. It is classified into two types: the systolic or maximum, which is the pressure exerted by the blood at the time of the heartbeat; and the diastolic or minimum, which is the pressure it exerts in the interval in which the heart relaxes between beats.

In adults, the limits from which hypertension is considered are 140 mmHg for the maximum pressure and 9 for the minimum, so that if these limits are exceeded, the patient is considered to have hypertension.

This excessively high blood pressure can cause injury and damage to the walls of the blood vessels, which implies an increased cardiovascular risk that can lead to heart, brain and/or kidney problems.

Hypertension is one of the most frequent cardiovascular diseases in the world and, in Spain alone, it affects up to 30% of the population. Although it can affect all types of people, it is more common in those over 55 years of age.

How hypertension is diagnosed

One of the main problems of hypertension is that it does not produce obvious symptoms until the person suffering from it suffers a serious complication such as a myocardial infarction or heart failure.

Therefore, blood pressure checks by qualified medical personnel are very important, since they are the only really effective way to detect hypertension early, being in time to control hypertension before causing complications, through the adoption of healthy lifestyle habits and in those cases in which it is necessary, treatment with medication.

These blood pressure checks are recommended for adults of any age, although they are especially important from 40-50 years of age. In case of being diagnosed with hypertension, periodic check-ups are necessary to carry out medical monitoring and control of hypertension and to prevent the appearance of complications.

Treatment and prevention of hypertension

As we have already mentioned, when hypertension is due to lifestyle habits (sedentary lifestyle, stress, diet…) and it is not very high, the most effective way to control hypertension is by following healthy lifestyle habits, the most frequent advice being the following:

  • Control the weight.
  • Perform moderate physical exercise on a regular basis.
  • Avoid stress as much as possible.
  • Avoid tobacco and moderate the consumption of coffee and alcohol.
  • Reduce the amount of salt in your meals.
  • Take care of our diet, cooking healthier, reducing fats of animal origin and eating foods rich in potassium, magnesium and calcium.

If the causes of hypertension are other, or if changing lifestyle habits is not enough to reduce it, then it is necessary to add a treatment through medication to help control the levels of hypertension or treat the cause. The pharmacological treatment of hypertension will always be under medical prescription and after diagnosis.

Medical and blood pressure checks at Vithas Xanit Internacional

Whether you need a general medical check-up or just a blood pressure check, at Vithas Xanit Internacional you will find the best specialists in cardiology, who together with our cutting-edge technology and the most recent techniques allow us to offer you the most accurate diagnoses and reviews, as well as the best treatment options. Contact us for more information or make an appointment.