Liver surgery is one that acts on the liver, which is located on the right side of the body, below the ribs. The functions of the liver include the following:
- Filter the blood.
- Produce bile that helps digestion, especially protein and fat.
- Metabolize sugar to produce energy.
- Help the body eliminate waste products.
- Produce factors that the blood needs to clot.
Liver surgery is used to treat liver diseases, some of the most frequently treated by this type of surgery being liver cancer, liver metastasis of colorectal origin, or cirrhosis. It is also used to treat other benign liver diseases, although less frequently. It is a complex surgery that requires specific instruments and equipment to perform it safely and effectively.
Types of liver surgery
There are different types of liver surgery, which are used mainly to treat cancer, so the specialist will assess which will be more effective in each case depending on the severity of the disease. These types of surgery are as follows:
- Radiofrequency ablation, which eliminates cancer cells by heating them to very high temperatures using radiofrequencies.
- Microwave ablation: Like the radiofrequency method, microwave ablation also kills cancer cells by heating them to very high temperatures.
- Liver removal: those parts of the liver where there are tumors are removed, as well as a part of the healthy tissue that surrounds it. Depending on the size and location of the tumors, more or less tissue will be removed.
- Irreversible electroporation, which kills cancer cells through the use of electrical current. In exceptional cases, a partial hepatectomy may be performed, which consists of a surgery that does not remove the liver completely.
As already mentioned, method used for the surgery will vary in each case, being able to use one of the previous methods or a combination of them. Whenever possible, surgery is performed laparoscopically in a minimally invasive way, which improves recovery time, with less postoperative discomfort and less scarring.
After surgery, the healthy part of the liver that remains will grow larger to replace the part that was removed, so the liver should return to its original size within a few weeks, although it will take longer for it to be fully functional.
Finally, another alternative to liver surgery is liver transplantation, which may be the best option for patients with certain types of tumors that cannot be removed with surgery or due to their location in the organ.
Liver surgery at Vithas Xanit Internacional
If you are looking for the best specialists in liver surgery, at Vithas Xanit Internacional you will find them, who together with the latest in diagnostic and surgical technology and the most recent techniques, allow us to offer you the best possible results in our treatments and surgeries. Contact us for more information or make an appointment.