Nowadays, back pain caused by spine disorders is one of the most common health problems.
The spine is a structure formed by bone (26 vertebrae) and cartilage, which protects the spinal cord, the set of nerves responsible for connecting the brain with the rest of the body, while allowing us to stand and walk, as well as make movements, such as bend down.
However, it can be affected by various problems that can alter its structure or injure the vertebrae and the surrounding tissue. The causes of these back problems are varied, and include:
Diseases: ankylosing spondylitis, scoliosis
- Bone changes due to aging (degenerative): spinal stenosis, herniated disc…
Although the causes that can cause problems in the spine are diverse, most of these disorders have symptoms in common, such as pain, paraesthesia, paresis, paralysis, muscle stiffness, etc., eventually limiting or disabling movement.
Spine problems caused by injuries
Injuries are the most common cause of pain and other problems in the back and spine.
Most of these injuries occur in the lower back (known as the lumbar area), and are usually derived from poor postures or positions held for a long time, although they can also be due to overexertion such as trying to lift too much weight , or to injuries as a result of an accident.
The most frequent problems in the spine due to injuries are the following:
Lumbar strain or sprain: normally due to an injury to the lower back (for example, when lifting objects in bad posture, trying to lift objects that are too heavy or due to sports trauma). It manifests as inflammation in the area around the muscles, causing a spasm or contracture in the back muscles that can lead to low back pain.
Low back pain (lumbago): causes pain in the lower back area (lower back). Its cause is some damage in that area, whether in vertebrae, intervertebral discs, muscles or ligaments. It is considered acute if the pain only lasts a few days, and chronic if it remains more than 3 months.
Sciatica: It is caused by pinching the roots of the sciatic nerve. It feels like an annoying pull or pinch, which causes a paralyzing pain that prevents bending over or walking. It starts in the lower back and can extend to legs, calves, feet, and even to the toes.
- Disc herniation: Most occur in the lower back (lumbar area), although it is also common in the upper area, near the neck (cervical area). It occurs when the gelatinous material of the central part of an intervertebral disc (or part of it) travels outward through a tear that has occurred in that disc, pressing the nerves of the spine. This causes back pain, pain in the legs, neck, arms, etc. and other symptoms.
To calm the pain caused by these injuries, rest and application of anti-inflammatory gel that acts in the focus of pain is recommended. When the first symptoms appear, it is essential to go to the doctor to assess and diagnose the lesion, and indicate the most appropriate treatment to follow in each case.
Problems in the spine caused by diseases
There are various diseases and pathologies that can affect the spine, including:
Scoliosis: due to a lateral deviation of the spine.
- Lumbar spinal stenosis: due to aging a narrowing of the lumbar canal occurs, which compresses the spinal cord, causing pain. Sometimes it may appear due to other alterations.
Other pathologies that can affect the spine are: spina bifida, horsetail syndrome, chiari malformation, multiple sclerosis, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, ankylosing spondylitis, spondylosis (degenerative disc disease), or hypercifosis.
The treatment varies according to the pathology in question, and may include in some cases orthopedic devices for the back and surgery.
Care, diagnosis and treatment of the spine at Vithas Xanit International Hospital
At Vithas Xanit International Hospital we put at your disposal the best specialists in the treatment and surgery of the spine, who will provide you with the best care, diagnosis and treatment for any health problem related to the spine. Contact us for more information or make an appointment.