• 25 SEP 19
    The main problems that can affect the spine

    The main problems that can affect the spine

    Nowadays, back pain caused by spine disorders is one of the most common health problems.

    The spine is a structure formed by bone (26 vertebrae) and cartilage, which protects the spinal cord, the set of nerves responsible for connecting the brain with the rest of the body, while allowing us to stand and walk, as well as make movements, such as bend down.

    However, it can be affected by various problems that can alter its structure or injure the vertebrae and the surrounding tissue. The causes of these back problems are varied, and include:

    • Injuries

    • traumatisms

    • Infections

    • Tumors

    • Diseases: ankylosing spondylitis, scoliosis

    • Bone changes due to aging (degenerative): spinal stenosis, herniated disc…

    Although the causes that can cause problems in the spine are diverse, most of these disorders have symptoms in common, such as pain, paraesthesia, paresis, paralysis, muscle stiffness, etc., eventually limiting or disabling movement.

    Spine problems caused by injuries

    Injuries are the most common cause of pain and other problems in the back and spine.

    Most of these injuries occur in the lower back (known as the lumbar area), and are usually derived from poor postures or positions held for a long time, although they can also be due to overexertion such as trying to lift too much weight , or to injuries as a result of an accident.

    The most frequent problems in the spine due to injuries are the following:

    • Lumbar strain or sprain: normally due to an injury to the lower back (for example, when lifting objects in bad posture, trying to lift objects that are too heavy or due to sports trauma). It manifests as inflammation in the area around the muscles, causing a spasm or contracture in the back muscles that can lead to low back pain.

    • Low back pain (lumbago): causes pain in the lower back area (lower back). Its cause is some damage in that area, whether in vertebrae, intervertebral discs, muscles or ligaments. It is considered acute if the pain only lasts a few days, and chronic if it remains more than 3 months.

    • Sciatica: It is caused by pinching the roots of the sciatic nerve. It feels like an annoying pull or pinch, which causes a paralyzing pain that prevents bending over or walking. It starts in the lower back and can extend to legs, calves, feet, and even to the toes.

    • Disc herniation: Most occur in the lower back (lumbar area), although it is also common in the upper area, near the neck (cervical area). It occurs when the gelatinous material of the central part of an intervertebral disc (or part of it) travels outward through a tear that has occurred in that disc, pressing the nerves of the spine. This causes back pain, pain in the legs, neck, arms, etc. and other symptoms.

    To calm the pain caused by these injuries, rest and application of anti-inflammatory gel that acts in the focus of pain is recommended. When the first symptoms appear, it is essential to go to the doctor to assess and diagnose the lesion, and indicate the most appropriate treatment to follow in each case.

    Problems in the spine caused by diseases

    There are various diseases and pathologies that can affect the spine, including:

    • Scoliosis: due to a lateral deviation of the spine.

    • Lumbar spinal stenosis: due to aging a narrowing of the lumbar canal occurs, which compresses the spinal cord, causing pain. Sometimes it may appear due to other alterations.

    Other pathologies that can affect the spine are: spina bifida, horsetail syndrome, chiari malformation, multiple sclerosis, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, ankylosing spondylitis, spondylosis (degenerative disc disease), or hypercifosis.

    The treatment varies according to the pathology in question, and may include in some cases orthopedic devices for the back and surgery.

    Care, diagnosis and treatment of the spine at Vithas Xanit International Hospital

    At Vithas Xanit International Hospital we put at your disposal the best specialists in the treatment and surgery of the spine, who will provide you with the best care, diagnosis and treatment for any health problem related to the spine. Contact us for more information or make an appointment.

Department Patient Care
Xanit International Hospital

I really appreciate and thank all the staff at Vithas Xanit International Hospital.  They certainly helped to make my stay in hospital more relaxing, and less painful than usual, in spite of my illness. I feel that I have just come out of a charming small hotel rather than a large hospital.


Medical Specialities

  • Hair Transplantation Unit

    At Vithas Xanit we offer the most advanced technology for hair transplantation surgery and for non surgical treatments. We attend both men and women, suffering from any capillary loss, either on the scalp or in any other body area (beard, moustache, eyebrows or eyelashes).

  • Cosmetic Surgery and Anti Aging

    Cosmetic Surgery and Anti Aging

    At Hospital Vithas Xanit Internacional, the Cosmetic and Plastic Surgery Unit helps patients to feel good about themselves.
    The latest medical technology and our doctors and surgeons’ perfectionism are key factors in terms of patient satisfaction with the results of their cosmetic surgery or treatment. Liposuction, breast enlargements, rhinoplasty and tummy tucks are among the most applied treatments.

  • Dental surgery and Cosmetic Dentistry

    Dental surgery and Cosmetic Dentistry

    Our dentists carry out your dental surgery and/or dental treatment quickly and efficiently.
    At Hospital Vithas Xanit Internacional, we guarantee high quality dental treatments such as dental surgery (dental implants, sinus lift) or cosmetic dentistry treatments (dental crown, dental bridge, veneers, dentures, etc.).

  • Orthopedic Surgery and Trauma

    Orthopedic Surgery and Trauma

    Orthopedic surgery quality and prices vary from country to country and Spain combines the best of both worlds.
    The most requested health tourism orthopedic surgeries are hip replacement and knee replacement. At Hospital Vithas Xanit Internacional, these procedures are performed using arthroscopy and Minimally Invasive Techniques (MIS).

  • Heart Surgery

    Heart Surgery

    Our Vithas Xanit Cardiology Area is an international benchmark for heart diseases. It boasts cardiologist and specialist heart surgeon on conditions such as arrhythmia, implanting pacemakers, angioplasty, heart bypass, repair to the aortic valve and mitral valve, heart valve replacement and percutaneous mitral valve repair.

  • Obesity treatment and Bariatric Surgery

    Obesity treatment and Bariatric Surgery

    Obesity is considered to be one of Western countries’ major health issues and consequently the demand for bariatric surgery is on the up, particularly concerning gastric banding and gastric bypass
    Our surgeons have been widely trained in this area, with over 20 years’ experience in all bariatric surgeries. They are all done by laparoscopy.

  • Digestive Surgery – Gallbladder Surgery

    Digestive Surgery – Gallbladder Surgery

    The General Surgery and Digestive System Service at Hospital Vithas Xanit Internacional can boast the most advanced technology and latest generation equipment for treating a wide variety of digestive pathologies such as in gallbladder. This service offers advanced laparoscopy surgery as the main way of tackling most surgical pathologies.

  • Urology – TURP

    Urology – TURP

    The Hospital Vithas Xanit Internacional Urology service employs European Board of Urology-certified urologists. This unit offers patients the latest diagnosis techniques, treatments and procedures. At our International Hospital, Transurethral Resection of the Prostate (TURP) is the most frequently used technique to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia.

  • Vascular Surgery – Phlebology

    Vascular Surgery – Phlebology

    Venous insufficiency is a chronic pathology that affects one in three adults. It is characterised by a deficient blood return in the lower limbs.
    Our International Hospital medical team has wide-ranging experience in sclerotherapy with micro-foam, varicose vein removal with endovascular laser, ambulatory phlebectomy and the C.H.I.V.A technique, among others.

  • Spinal Surgery

    Spinal Surgery

    Slipped discs and spinal stenosis usually affect the lumbar and cervical spine and the spinal surgery most requested by our international patients is laminectomy, as well as arthroplasty of the intervertebral disk and spinal fusion.

  • Ophtalmology and laser eye surgery

    Ophtalmology and laser eye surgery

    Our international hospital uses a new femtosecond laser, the most technologically advanced refractive surgery system currently available. It can correct long-sightedness and refractive defects such as short sightedness, astigmatism or hypermetropia in a single operation.
    The most popular ophthalmology surgeries among our international patients are laser eye surgery, glaucoma and cataract surgery.

  • Imaging Diagnosis

    Imaging Diagnosis

    Radiology and nuclear medicine are medical specialties that focus on the diagnosis of diseases through the interpretation of images. They provide fundamental information for the Medical Check-Up Unit. At Hospital Vithas Xanit Internationalthese two specialities are integrated into a single service in order to provide the maximum reliability and diagnostic coordination.

  • Medical check up

    Medical check up

    Evolving health concepts, greater longevity and technological developments mean that it is increasingly important to detect and make an early diagnosis on diseases and prevent them.
    Therefore, periodic health check-up is the most efficient and secure way of controlling your health.

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology – Hysterectomy

    Obstetrics and Gynecology – Hysterectomy

    Various conditions might lead to a hysterectomy or uterine ablation: uterine cancer, cervical cancer, ovarian cancer, uterine fibroids, endometriosis, uterine prolapse, adenomyosis.
    This surgery can be traumatising for women and so the psychology department at Hospital Vithas Xanit Internacional helps women through this process.