• 29 JUL 20
    The main sequelae of covid-19 patients

    The main sequelae of covid-19 patients

    After several months living with covid-19, it seems that its symptoms are already well known, both in mild cases and in those severe cases that require hospitalization and even ICU admission. However, this pathology is also causing a series of sequelae in patients that are now being detected over time and in subsequent reviews.

    As explains Dr. Gustavo de Luiz, head of the pneumology service at Vithas Xanit Internacional hospital, “In patients who have suffered the disease in a milder way, the physical sequelae are practically non-existent, however, possible sequelae have been detected in some cases that were more serious”.

    Said sequelae are mainly respiratory in nature, due to the lung affectation caused by the coronavirus infection, among which there are alterations and a decrease in the diffusion and lung volumes, responsible for exertional dyspnea (lack of air when carrying out light activity ). Another respiratory sequelae that is being found in the review of these patients is postinfectious bronchial hyperactivity, which requires treatment to regain respiratory capacity prior to infection.

    As Dr. Gustavo de Luiz adds, “It is very important for respiratory improvement to perform motor and respiratory physiotherapy during admission, and later, on an outpatient basis”.

    On the other hand, apart from respiratory sequelae, it is also important to take into account the physical sequelae, which occur especially in those patients with long stays in the ICU, resulting from lack of mobility. Among these physical sequelae are muscle atrophy, joint stiffness, muscle pain or disturbances in circulation (edema, fluid accumulation, thrombi, etc.)

    “This makes it necessary to carry out a rehabilitation process, where physiotherapy becomes particularly important, which can begin at the hospital level (even in the ICU) to help fight active infection, and must continue on an outpatient basis to treat the sequelae and improve the quality of life of patients after their cure, “explains Antonio Bellido, physiotherapist at Vithas Xanit Internacional hospital.

    Physiotherapy for rehabilitation of patients with coronavirus

    Due to these respiratory and physical sequelae, the patient who has undergone the hospitalization process usually needs rehabilitation, where physiotherapy is of great importance.

    On the one hand, physiotherapy makes it possible to evaluate possible alterations in the ventilatory pattern and in the lung regions with decreased ventilation using specialized instruments.

    “Physiotherapy specialists can help patients who have suffered from coronavirus, for example, to optimize ventilation, treating the diaphragm (main muscle of respiration) using manual and instrumental techniques (inspirometer), as well as performing exercises to stimulate and tone it”, explains Antonio Bellido. “It is also important to educate the patient with techniques and strategies to carry out during their daily activities that help them improve their ventilation and oxygenation when they feel short of breath and, furthermore, that they learn to increase the mobility and elasticity of all the elements of the rib cage (ribs, accessory muscles of respiration, thoracic vertebrae) to help fluid ventilation”, adds the specialist.

    On the other hand, in addition to helping to improve and rehabilitate breathing, physiotherapy also helps to:

    • Expel residual secretions that can hinder the free passage of air through all regions of the lung, using lymphatic drainage techniques. In this way, future superinfections of this mucus that may generate new pneumonias are also prevented.
    • Assist in the evacuation of edema (fluid accumulation), which has been generated due to prolonged stay in bed, also through lymphatic drainage techniques.
    • Activate circulation through specific muscle exercises and manual techniques.
    • Reactivate and tone the atrophied muscles.
    • Explore the alterations of movement, posture and the origin of muscle and joint pain that occur due to bedtime, treating them using manual and instrumental techniques.

    Vithas hospitals are safe hospitals

    Vithas’ 20 hospitals are safe hospitals for patients and professionals thanks to the implementation of strict safety protocols against covid-19. Among the measures implemented, the establishment of two different circuits stands out: one for people with symptoms compatible with covid-19, and the other for other patients.

    Additionally, we supply masks and hydroalcoholic gel to all people who come to the hospital for any reason. In addition, the Group is carrying out massive virus detection tests on all personnel, who are equipped with all the necessary self-protection measures.

    A security that has always been reinforced thanks to the fact that all Vithas hospitals implement the strict protocols of the Joint Commission International, world reference body that accredits patient safety and healthcare excellence.

    For more information: https://preparadosparacuidarte.com/

Dr. Frank Buster
General Doctor

I express my deepest gratitude and eternal debt to the Vithas Xanit International Hospital professionals for the care I received during my stay in hospital. They were most professional, and demonstrated complete dedication. I would like to particularly thank the welfare staff for their wonderful treatment. Thank you for your constant patience and care. It certainly helps to make the situation easier, more bearable, and improve the quality of life for patients and their families. 


Medical Specialities

  • Hair Transplantation Unit

    At Vithas Xanit we offer the most advanced technology for hair transplantation surgery and for non surgical treatments. We attend both men and women, suffering from any capillary loss, either on the scalp or in any other body area (beard, moustache, eyebrows or eyelashes).

  • Cosmetic Surgery and Anti Aging

    Cosmetic Surgery and Anti Aging

    At Hospital Vithas Xanit Internacional, the Cosmetic and Plastic Surgery Unit helps patients to feel good about themselves.
    The latest medical technology and our doctors and surgeons’ perfectionism are key factors in terms of patient satisfaction with the results of their cosmetic surgery or treatment. Liposuction, breast enlargements, rhinoplasty and tummy tucks are among the most applied treatments.

  • Dental surgery and Cosmetic Dentistry

    Dental surgery and Cosmetic Dentistry

    Our dentists carry out your dental surgery and/or dental treatment quickly and efficiently.
    At Hospital Vithas Xanit Internacional, we guarantee high quality dental treatments such as dental surgery (dental implants, sinus lift) or cosmetic dentistry treatments (dental crown, dental bridge, veneers, dentures, etc.).

  • Orthopedic Surgery and Trauma

    Orthopedic Surgery and Trauma

    Orthopedic surgery quality and prices vary from country to country and Spain combines the best of both worlds.
    The most requested health tourism orthopedic surgeries are hip replacement and knee replacement. At Hospital Vithas Xanit Internacional, these procedures are performed using arthroscopy and Minimally Invasive Techniques (MIS).

  • Heart Surgery

    Heart Surgery

    Our Vithas Xanit Cardiology Area is an international benchmark for heart diseases. It boasts cardiologist and specialist heart surgeon on conditions such as arrhythmia, implanting pacemakers, angioplasty, heart bypass, repair to the aortic valve and mitral valve, heart valve replacement and percutaneous mitral valve repair.

  • Obesity treatment and Bariatric Surgery

    Obesity treatment and Bariatric Surgery

    Obesity is considered to be one of Western countries’ major health issues and consequently the demand for bariatric surgery is on the up, particularly concerning gastric banding and gastric bypass
    Our surgeons have been widely trained in this area, with over 20 years’ experience in all bariatric surgeries. They are all done by laparoscopy.

  • Digestive Surgery – Gallbladder Surgery

    Digestive Surgery – Gallbladder Surgery

    The General Surgery and Digestive System Service at Hospital Vithas Xanit Internacional can boast the most advanced technology and latest generation equipment for treating a wide variety of digestive pathologies such as in gallbladder. This service offers advanced laparoscopy surgery as the main way of tackling most surgical pathologies.

  • Urology – TURP

    Urology – TURP

    The Hospital Vithas Xanit Internacional Urology service employs European Board of Urology-certified urologists. This unit offers patients the latest diagnosis techniques, treatments and procedures. At our International Hospital, Transurethral Resection of the Prostate (TURP) is the most frequently used technique to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia.

  • Vascular Surgery – Phlebology

    Vascular Surgery – Phlebology

    Venous insufficiency is a chronic pathology that affects one in three adults. It is characterised by a deficient blood return in the lower limbs.
    Our International Hospital medical team has wide-ranging experience in sclerotherapy with micro-foam, varicose vein removal with endovascular laser, ambulatory phlebectomy and the C.H.I.V.A technique, among others.

  • Spinal Surgery

    Spinal Surgery

    Slipped discs and spinal stenosis usually affect the lumbar and cervical spine and the spinal surgery most requested by our international patients is laminectomy, as well as arthroplasty of the intervertebral disk and spinal fusion.

  • Ophtalmology and laser eye surgery

    Ophtalmology and laser eye surgery

    Our international hospital uses a new femtosecond laser, the most technologically advanced refractive surgery system currently available. It can correct long-sightedness and refractive defects such as short sightedness, astigmatism or hypermetropia in a single operation.
    The most popular ophthalmology surgeries among our international patients are laser eye surgery, glaucoma and cataract surgery.

  • Imaging Diagnosis

    Imaging Diagnosis

    Radiology and nuclear medicine are medical specialties that focus on the diagnosis of diseases through the interpretation of images. They provide fundamental information for the Medical Check-Up Unit. At Hospital Vithas Xanit Internationalthese two specialities are integrated into a single service in order to provide the maximum reliability and diagnostic coordination.

  • Medical check up

    Medical check up

    Evolving health concepts, greater longevity and technological developments mean that it is increasingly important to detect and make an early diagnosis on diseases and prevent them.
    Therefore, periodic health check-up is the most efficient and secure way of controlling your health.

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology – Hysterectomy

    Obstetrics and Gynecology – Hysterectomy

    Various conditions might lead to a hysterectomy or uterine ablation: uterine cancer, cervical cancer, ovarian cancer, uterine fibroids, endometriosis, uterine prolapse, adenomyosis.
    This surgery can be traumatising for women and so the psychology department at Hospital Vithas Xanit Internacional helps women through this process.