Neurology and Neurophysiology
The neurological diseases are grouped into disorders of:
- The brain
- The bone marrow
- The nerves throughout the body
All of these organs enable the body to function. If the nervous system is not functioning correctly, this results in problems with movement, speech, memory problems etc….
Neurology studies diseases of the nervous system. A detailed neurological investigation allows the specialist to locate affected lesions.
Clinical neurophysiology is a medical speciality. The specialist’s objective is to study the funtioning of the peripheral and central nervous systems.
Using specialised state of the ark technology, we are able to evaluate the level of damage to these structures and to determine the correct form of therapy.
The neurological and neurophysiological tests are carried out in conjunction with each other in a coherent manner, in order to diagnose diseases of the nervous system.
Mental Health: Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology
At Vithas Xanit International Hospital the department comprises of the following units:
- Infantile Neuropsychological and ADHD unit
- Unit for affective/Anxiety disorders
- Group therapies
- Detoxification Unit
The hospital counts upon qualified psychiatrists who are also specialised in neuropsychiatry, adult psychiatry, and child and adolescent psychiatry.
Neuropsychology is a relatively new area. This speciality studies the relationship between the brain, the cognitive functions and conductors.
A neuropsycological evaluation takes into account various different areas, these include senso-perceptual and motor functions, concentration, memory, visual and auditive processing, language, executive functions, intelligence, etc….behaviour, personality etc….
This is a medical speciality which treats diseases of the nervous system through surgical procedures.
Neurosurgery can treat:
- The diseases, lesions, and tumors of the brain, the cerebellum, the spinal cord and the peripheral nerve
- Malformations of the nervous system
The types of surgical procedures most frequently carried out in this field are:
- Spinal surgery
- Cerebrovascular diseases
- Trauma to the brain and the spine
- Tumors (of the brain and spinal cord)
- Functional surgery
- Surgery for epilepsy
- Surgery of the facial nerve
- Craniofacial and skull base surgery
Interventional neuroradiology deals with diverse procedures in the treatment of specific vascular and tumoral pathologies which affect the brain and the spinal cord.
The most common tests carried out in the neuroradiology unit are:
- The angiography
This is a diagnostic imaging examination.It enables specialists to study circulatory blood vessels using a contrast.
- The Myelography
This is a diagnostic imaging examination using a contrast. It studies the areas around the spinal cord, and the roots of the nerves.
- Search for thrombosis (obstruction in the blood vessels)
This can be carried out using a magnetic resonnance test.
- Samples and biopsies
- Wada test
This is a test to evaluate those patients who are programmed to have surgery for epilepsy. It is connected to language and memory.
The main procedures and treatments carried out in this field are:
- Embolization of cerebral aneurysms
Cerebral arteriovenosa and vertebral malformations etc.
This medical procedure is an alternative to open surgery
This procedure is carried out for blood flow and to enable specialists to treat abnormal blood vessels in the brain and other parts of the body.
- Carotid and intracerebral thrombolysis
Thrombolysis is a non-surgical procedure which permits specialists to dissolve a blood clot.
A special substance is injected into the affected artery. In many cases surgery is not required afterwards as the blood flow is considerably improved.
- Angioplasty and placing of prosthesis
The Angioplasty consists of introducing a balloon with a catheter through a blood vessel. Once placed into the obstructed artery, the balloon is inflated, and the plaque which has been blocking the artery is displaced, thus reestablishing the blood flow.
The blood vessels is kept open with a prosthetic material (stent, etc…)