Neurosurgery & Neurology

Neurosurgery is a medical speciality which deals with the surgical aspects of those diseases which affect the nervous system.
There is some comparison with Neurology as both specialities study and treat the same illnesses.

At Vithas Xanit International Hospital our Neurosciences Unit consists of a multidiciplinary team who are able to deal with different fields.

Departments:

Neurology and Neurophysiology
Mental health (Psychiatric and Clinical Psycology)
Neurosurgery
Interventional Neuroradiology.

Neurology and Neurophysiology

The neurological diseases are grouped into disorders of:
The brain
The bone marrow and:
The nerves throughout the body

All of these organs enable the body to function. If the nervous system is not functioning correctly, this results in problems with movement, speech, memory problems etc….

Neurology study’s diseases of the nervous system. A detailed neurological investigation allows the specialist to locate affected lesions.

Clinical neurophysiology is a medical speciality. The specialist’s objective is to study the funtioning of the pheripheral and central nervous systems.
Using specialised state of the ark technology, we are able to evaluate the level of damage to these structures and to determine the correct form of therapy.

The neurological and neurophysiological tests are carried out in conjunction with each other in a coherent manner, in order to diagnose diseases of the nervous system.

Mental Health: Psychiatry and Clinical Physiology.

At Vithas Xanit International Hospital the department comprises of the following units:

Infantile Neurophysicalogical and ADHD unit
Unit for affective/Anxiety disorders.
Group therapies.
Detoxification Unit

The hospital counts upon qualified psychiatrists who are also specialised in neuropsychiatry, adult psychiatry, and child and adolescent psychiatry.

Neuropsychology is a relatively new area.
This speciality study’s the relationship between the brain, the cognitive functions and conductors.
A neuropsycological evaluation takes into account various different areas, These include senso-perceptual and motor functions, concentration, memory, visual and auditive processing, language, executive functions, intelligence, etc….behaviour, personality etc….

Neurosurgery 

This is a medical speciality which treats diseases of the nervous system through surgical procedures.

Neurosurgery treats: 

The diseases, lesions, and tumours of the brain, the cerebellum, the spinal cord and the peripheral nerve.
Strokes
Malformations of the nervous system.

The types of surgical procedures most frequently carried out in this field are:

Lumbalgias,
Spinal surgery
Cerebrovascular diseases.
Trauma to the brain and the spine.
Tumours (of the brain and spinal cord),
Functional surgery
Surgery for epilepsy
Surgery of the facial nerve
Craniofacial and skull base surgery

Interventional neuroradiology

Interventional neuroradiology deals with diverse procedures in the treatment of specific vascular and tumoral pathologies which affect the brain and the spinal cord.

The most common tests carried out in the neuroradiology unit are:

The angiography 
This is a diagnostic imaging examination.It enables specialists to study circulatory blood vessels using a contrast.

The Myelography 
This is a diagnostic imaging examination using a contrast. It studies the areas around the spinal cord, and the roots of the nerves.

Search for thrombosis (obstruction in the blood vessels) 
This can be carried out using a magnetic resonnance test

Samples and biopsies 

Wada test 
This is a test to evaluate those patients who are programmed to have surgery for epilepsy. It is connected to language and memory.

Main procedures and treatments

Embolization of cerebral aneurysms
Cerebral arteriovenosa and vertebral malformations etc.
This medical procedure is an alternative to open surgery
This procedure is carried out for blood flow and to enable specialists to treat abnormal blood vessels in the brain and other parts of the body.

Carotid and intracerebral thrombolysis 
Thrombolysis is a non-surgical procedure which permits specialists to dissolve a blood clot.
A special substance is injected into the affected artery. In many cases surgery is not required afterwards as the blood flow is considerably improved.

Angioplasty and placing of prosthesis 
The Angioplasty consists of introducing a balloon with a catheter through a blood vessel. Once placed into the obstructed artery, the balloon is inflated, and the plaque which has been blocking the artery is displaced, thus reestablishing the blood flow.
The blood vessels is kept open with a prosthetic material (stent, etc…)

1-    Information and reasons for your Neurosurgery & Neurology
Within 24 hours of receiving your request for information, we will contact you by e-mail or phone to assess your needs, identify your reasons for surgery and to answer your questions directly.

2-    Diagnosis and recommendations for Neurosurgery & Neurology
We advise you to firstly visit our Neurosurgery & Neurology Department In order to ascertain which particular Neurosurgery & Neurology treatment/surgical intervention is best suited to your individual case.
• Medical records:
We will send you a list of examinations, medical tests results that we will need to see during your first visit to Hospital Vithas Xanit Internacional. In the event that our doctors deem necessary an additional screening test, this could be carried out during the same visit (except in the case of tests which requiere anaesthesia, in which case they will need to be pre-booked). You may send us a copy of your medical information before planning your first visit.
• Diagnosis:
The professionals involved in the diagnosis and treatment of  Neurosurgery & Neurology disease will study your medical records, the results of medical tests and examinations, and will establish a precise and reliable diagnosis. We will assist you in choosing the type of Neurosurgery & Neurology surgery which is best suited to your particular case.

We will provide you with complete information: treatment process, programming and a detailed quote.

3-    Neurosurgery & Neurology surgery treatment process
• Protocol for Neurosurgery & Neurology surgery
The process and programming of Neurosurgery & Neurology treatment is different according to the type of Neurosurgery & Neurology surgery being carried out and your particular case.
• An assigned medical team Throughout your treatment process you will always deal with the same team of doctors

4-    Your travel plans and your Neurosurgery & Neurology surgery
Once your planned Neurosurgery & Neurology surgery has been confirmed and accepted, our International Services Team at Hospital Vithas Xanit Internacional will be at your disposal to assist you with the organising of your trip to Malaga and will remain in constant contact with you.

5-    Your arrival
Upon your arrival in Malaga, a representative of Hospital Vithas Xanit Internacional will be waiting to greet you. We will help you organise your transfers and accompany you to our hospital.

6-    Follow-up for your Neurosurgery & Neurology surgery
• Maintaining contact with you.

Once you have been discharged, our International Services Team will be at your disposal should you require any further medical assistance, and shall assist you with any administrative requirements that you may have.
• Informing your referring doctor.
We shall provide you with a you a full medical report which you can give to you own doctor back home.

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