Urology

cabecera-urologia

Vithas Xanit International Hospital has a Urology Department in which all the urologists have extensive experience and are certified by the European Board of Urology. This Department offers patients the latest diagnostic techniques, treatments and procedures, thus reinforcing the high level of specialisation and quality being offered.

Innovative solutions such as laser surgery, laparoscopic surgery, minimally invasive surgery for cancer or urinary incontinence are all part of the comprehensive portfolio of services offered by this Department.

Vithas Xanit International Hospital offers Urology patients the latest medical care and access to services related to the diagnosis and treatment of cancer, such as nuclear medicine, radiation oncology, etc.

> VASECTOMY

A vasectomy is a procedure whereby the man is permanently sterilised.

This is a surgery to cut the channels which carry the sperm from the testicles to the uretha.

The vasectomy prevents the sperm from travelling to the testicles.

The sexual function of the man is not affected.

Procedure

There exist two different techniques:

  • The most common form of vasectomy
    A small incision is made in each side of the scrotum.  Each deferent duct is sealed and cut in order to prevent the sperm from being released in an ejaculation. Then the small incisions in the skin are sewn up.
  • The vasectomy without surgery–NSV
    With the aid of a sharp instrument used to perforate the skin, the surgeon inserts a single, tiny needle in order to reach the deferent ducts. As with the other procedure, these ducts are sealed and cut in order to prevent the sperm from being released in an ejaculation.This is then stitched.

The quantity of sperm gradually reduces following a vasectomy. Approximately 3 months after the procedure there will be no sperm present in the semen.

Type of surgery and anesthesia

These are short, straight forward surgeries that can be carried out under local anesthesia.
The patient does not require hospitalisation following these procedures..

Post-operative care

The recuperation should be complete in 2 – 3 days. Normal physical activities can be resumed in between 3 – 7 days.
It is recommended to use some form of contraception until the semen sample is totally free of sperm.

The reversibility of a vasectomy can be a complicated procedure. Therefore, it is possible to freeze the sperm prior to the vasectomy as a method of preserving fertility.

> REVERSIBLE VASECTOMY

It is possible to reverse a vasectomy with microsurgical recanalisation. However, the reversal of a vasectomy can be complicated over time as the deferent ducts are cut off and sealed.

Procedure

There are various techniques depending on the amount of time that has passed since the vasectomy:

  • The vasovasostomy
    This procedure is used when the sterilisation was only carried out a few years ago.
    In this case the deferent ducts are reconnected.
  • The epididimovasostomy– EV  
    With the passing of time, and due to an obstruction in the epididymis, the surgeon may have to carry out a complex microsurgical technique.
    The epididymis is a cannel which connects the testicles to the deferent ducts. With the passing of time and following a vasectomy this can become blocked. This can measure up to 7 metres and the diametre can be 300 micron.

Type of surgery and anesthesia

This is a microsurgical procedure which lasts between 2 – 3 hours. It involves using sophisticated methods in order to connect and stitch these channels.
Hospitalisation does not generally exceed 24 hours.

Post-operative care

Recuperation should be complete in 10 days.

> TURP SURGERY – TRANSURETHRAL RESECTION OF THE PROSTATE

An increase in the volume of the prostate is usually benign, however it creates urination disorders.

Reasons for TURP Surgery:

An adenoma is an increase in volume of the prostate. The increase can be anything between from 30gr right up to 150gr.

The goal of this surgery is to relieve the urethra which is being compressed by the increase in the volume of the prostate.  In this way normal elimination of the urine is restored.

TURP Procedure:

This is normally done through an endo-urological technique (surgery by natural means). This is the most commonly used technique for treating benign prostatic hypertrophy. Currently, the most commonly used technique is with laser. The surgeon inserts an endoscope through the urinary tract, and under visual control, the adenoma is resected, cauterizing it at the same time and then sucking up the resected fragments for pathological analysis (this is done to rule out prostate cancer).
Subsequently a tube is placed in the urethra for a few days so that the tract and bladder can heal properly, and the area can be cleaned with a saline solution.
When the volume of the prostate exceeds 100gr, the technique used is usually the prostatectomy : prostate removal.

Type of surgery and anesthesia:

The TURP surgery takes one hour maximum, depending on the volume of the prostate. It is performed under general or locoregional anesthesia The patient usually remains in hospital for up to 6 days.

Post-operative follow-up of the Transurethral Resection of the Prostate

The patient requires a check up 4 / 6 weeks after surgery.

An annual check-up is recommended

> THE PROSTATECTOMY

The basic prostatectomy

The basic prostatectomy is a procedure which surgically removes the internal part of the prostate gland.

Reasons for having the procedure

This is carried out in the case of benign prostatic hiperplasia (BPH) in order to alleviate the urinary symptoms of a non-cancerous condition.
The BPH is a non- cancerous growth in the prostate. It can cause problems with urination as it puts pressure on the uretha.

Procedure

The surgeon makes an incision in the lower part of the addomen, just below the umbilicus in order to reach the prostate. The surgeon only removes the internal part of the prostate gland

Type of surgery and anesthesia

The basic surgery lasts between 1 – 2 hours. This is carried out under general anesthesia, and on occasions using locoregional anesthesia (epidural).

The patient remains in hospital for 3 – 4 days.

Post-operative care

The recuperation takes approximately 5 weeks.


Radical Prostactectomy

Reasons for having the procedure

This is carried out in order to remove all of the prostate gland, as well as some of the adjacent tissues in case of localised cancer.

Procedure

There are various different techniques:

  • Radical retro pubic prostactectomy
    The surgeon makes an incision in the lower part of the abdomen, just below the umbilicus, near to the pubic bone. The complete surgery can last between 90 mins – 4 hours.
    The technique is used for the removal of lymphatic ganglions.
  •  Radical pereneal prostatectomy
    The surgeon makes an incision in the skin between the anus and the base of the scrotum. (Perineum).
    This surgical procedure is more complicated than the previous one. The small incision makes it difficult to preserve the nerves around the prostate.
    This surgery is shorter than the retro pubic method, and means less bleeding.
  • Radical Laparoscopic prostactectomy
    The surgeon makes several small cuts into which he introduces a camera and the necessary surgical instruments to carry out this procedure.
    The advantages of this method of surgery are: less bleeding, less pain, reduced hospitalisation, faster recovery.
  • Laparoscopic prostatectomy assisted by robot
    In this case the laparoscopic surgery is carried out using a robotic system.
    The surgeon sits at a control panel near to the operating table and controls the robotic arms in order to carry out the surgery.
    Not all hospitals are able to carry out robotic surgeries.
    The advantages of this type of surgical procedure are the same as those associated with the normal laparoscopic surgery.

Type of surgery and anesthesia

The radical surgery can last between 90 minutes and 4 hours depending on the type of surgery. This is carried out under general anesthesia, and at times using locoregional anesthesia (epidural).

The patient must remain in hospital for 1 – 4 days depending on the surgical technique used.

Post-operative care

The patient can resume normal activities 3 – 5 weeks after the procedure.

The surgery should eliminate all cancerous cells. However, following surgery it is necessary to have regular check-ups, including blood tests to check for the specific prostatic antigene (PSA).

1- Information and reasons for your prostate surgery

Within 24 hours of receiving your request for information, we will contact you by e-mail or phone to assess your needs, identify your motivations for surgery and answer your questions directly.

2- Diagnosis and type of prostate surgery

To begin with we recommend that you visit our Urology Department in order that the specialist can discuss your case, and decide which kind of prostrate treatment best suits your particular requirements

  • Medical records:
    We will send you a list of examinations and medical tests results that we will need to see during your first visit to Vithas Xanit International Hospital. In the event that our doctors deem necessary an additional screening test, this could be carried out during the same visit (except in the case of tests which requires anaesthesia in which case they will need to be pre-booked).
    You may send us a copy of your medical information before planning your first visit.
  • Diagnosis:
    The professionals involved in the diagnosis and treatment of urological pathologies will study your medical history, the examinations and medical tests results, and establish a precise and reliable diagnosis.
    We will help you to choose with you the type of prostate surgery which best suits your individual case.

We will provide you with complete information: process of treatment, programming and detailed quote.

3- Prostate treatment process

  • Prostate surgery protocol
    The process and the scheduling of your prostate surgery differ according to the specific surgery and dependent on your particular case.
  • An assigned medical team
    Throughout your treatment process, you will always be treated by the same team of doctors.

4- Your travel plan and prostate treatment

Once your planned prostate treatments has been confirmed and accepted, our International Services Team at Vithas Xanit International Hospital will be at your disposal to assist you in the organising of your trip to Malaga and  will remain in constant contact with you.

5- Your arrival

Upon your arrival in Malaga, a representative of Vithas Xanit International Hospital will be waiting to greet you. We will help you organise your transfers and accompany you to our hospital.

6- Follow-up after your prostate surgery

  • Maintaining contact with you.
    Once you have been discharged our International Services Team will be at your disposal should you require any further medical  assistance and shall assist you with any administrative requirements you may have.
  • Informing your referring doctor.
    We shall provide you with a full medical report which you can give to your own doctor back home.

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