• 20 JAN 20
    Most frequent knee problems and their treatment

    Most frequent knee problems and their treatment

    There is a wide variety of causes that can cause problems in the knees, which cause the appearance of symptoms such as pain, inflammation, instability and weakness of the knee, stiffness and difficulty in movement.

    In this article we will review what are the most common causes of knee problems, as well as their treatment:

    Osteoarthritis and other types of arthritis

    One of the conditions that most frequently affects the knee is osteoarthritis, also known as “degenerative osteoarthritis“. Osteoarthritis involves wear of the cartilage of the joint (in this case the knee) due to the activity performed and the age of the patient, so that such wear causes pain and inflammation.

    Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis, but other types of arthritis, such as rheumatoid arthritis, gout or lupus, can also affect the knee and other joints, causing pain, swelling and stiffness.

    Acute lesions (sudden)

    Another of the most frequent knee problems are injuries. With regard to injuries caused suddenly, these are especially frequent in athletes, due to some impact, to some bad forced movement that moves the joint out of its usual range of movements, or caused in an accident.

    Among the most frequent knee injuries are the following:

    • Sprain: occurs when one or more knee ligaments have been stretched too much, due to traction or twisting.
    • Tearing or distention: in this type of injury, it is a muscle or tendon that has stretched too much.
    • Meniscus tear or injury: in this case, it is the cartilage of the knee, which is crescent-shaped and functions as a “shock absorber” of the knee, which has been torn or damaged.
    • Torn ligament: usual in professional athletes, especially in those sports that require sudden, frequent running, stopping, jumping and changing directions, such as basketball or football.

    In addition to the previous ones, other possible less frequent knee injuries are: the fracture of any of the bones of the knee (kneecap, distal area of the femur, or proximal tibia or fibula), caused in most of the cases due to a strong impact; another possible injury is the dislocation of the knee joint, which is rare since an impact of enormous force is normally required to occur.

    Overuse injuries

    Not all injuries occur suddenly due to sudden impact or movement, but sometimes injuries can also occur due to repetitive activities or prolonged or repeated pressure on the knee.

    Among the activities that exert pressure on the knee joint are jumping, running, climbing stairs, cycling, etc…, so doing them excessively and continuously can cause irritation, inflammation and pain.

    Treatment of knee problems

    The treatment of knee problems will vary depending on the cause or injury in question and its severity.

    In the case of degenerative diseases such as osteoarthritis, which are chronic in nature, the treatment is generally palliative to reduce pain and symptoms, as well as improve and preserve mobility, through methods such as physiotherapy, in order to improve the patient’s quality of life. However, in those more severe cases in which other treatments have not worked, it can be considered to perform knee replacement surgery with a prosthesis.

    On the other hand, in the case of injuries the treatment will depend on the type of injury and its severity, which can range from immobilization, rest and medications (pain relievers) in milder cases, to include the use of braces, physiotherapy, and even surgery in the cases in which it is required (for example, to repair the damage caused by a tear or rupture of ligaments or tendons).

    In any case, if we suffer an injury or notice symptoms of a knee problem, we must go to the specialist to make the diagnosis and determine what is the treatment to follow.

    Knee treatment at Vithas Xanit Internacional

    If you seek medical assistance to deal with any problem related to the knee or other joints, in the Orthopedic Surgery, Traumatology and Sports Medicine Service at Vithas Xanit Internacional you will find the best professionals who, together with the latest technologies and minimally invasive techniques, allow us to offer you the best possible results in the diagnosis and treatment of knee injuries and pathologies. Contact us for more information or make an appointment.

Department Patient Care
Xanit International Hospital

I really appreciate and thank all the staff at Vithas Xanit International Hospital.  They certainly helped to make my stay in hospital more relaxing, and less painful than usual, in spite of my illness. I feel that I have just come out of a charming small hotel rather than a large hospital.


Medical Specialities

  • Hair Transplantation Unit

    At Vithas Xanit we offer the most advanced technology for hair transplantation surgery and for non surgical treatments. We attend both men and women, suffering from any capillary loss, either on the scalp or in any other body area (beard, moustache, eyebrows or eyelashes).

  • Cosmetic Surgery and Anti Aging

    Cosmetic Surgery and Anti Aging

    At Hospital Vithas Xanit Internacional, the Cosmetic and Plastic Surgery Unit helps patients to feel good about themselves.
    The latest medical technology and our doctors and surgeons’ perfectionism are key factors in terms of patient satisfaction with the results of their cosmetic surgery or treatment. Liposuction, breast enlargements, rhinoplasty and tummy tucks are among the most applied treatments.

  • Dental surgery and Cosmetic Dentistry

    Dental surgery and Cosmetic Dentistry

    Our dentists carry out your dental surgery and/or dental treatment quickly and efficiently.
    At Hospital Vithas Xanit Internacional, we guarantee high quality dental treatments such as dental surgery (dental implants, sinus lift) or cosmetic dentistry treatments (dental crown, dental bridge, veneers, dentures, etc.).

  • Orthopedic Surgery and Trauma

    Orthopedic Surgery and Trauma

    Orthopedic surgery quality and prices vary from country to country and Spain combines the best of both worlds.
    The most requested health tourism orthopedic surgeries are hip replacement and knee replacement. At Hospital Vithas Xanit Internacional, these procedures are performed using arthroscopy and Minimally Invasive Techniques (MIS).

  • Heart Surgery

    Heart Surgery

    Our Vithas Xanit Cardiology Area is an international benchmark for heart diseases. It boasts cardiologist and specialist heart surgeon on conditions such as arrhythmia, implanting pacemakers, angioplasty, heart bypass, repair to the aortic valve and mitral valve, heart valve replacement and percutaneous mitral valve repair.

  • Obesity treatment and Bariatric Surgery

    Obesity treatment and Bariatric Surgery

    Obesity is considered to be one of Western countries’ major health issues and consequently the demand for bariatric surgery is on the up, particularly concerning gastric banding and gastric bypass
    Our surgeons have been widely trained in this area, with over 20 years’ experience in all bariatric surgeries. They are all done by laparoscopy.

  • Digestive Surgery – Gallbladder Surgery

    Digestive Surgery – Gallbladder Surgery

    The General Surgery and Digestive System Service at Hospital Vithas Xanit Internacional can boast the most advanced technology and latest generation equipment for treating a wide variety of digestive pathologies such as in gallbladder. This service offers advanced laparoscopy surgery as the main way of tackling most surgical pathologies.

  • Urology – TURP

    Urology – TURP

    The Hospital Vithas Xanit Internacional Urology service employs European Board of Urology-certified urologists. This unit offers patients the latest diagnosis techniques, treatments and procedures. At our International Hospital, Transurethral Resection of the Prostate (TURP) is the most frequently used technique to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia.

  • Vascular Surgery – Phlebology

    Vascular Surgery – Phlebology

    Venous insufficiency is a chronic pathology that affects one in three adults. It is characterised by a deficient blood return in the lower limbs.
    Our International Hospital medical team has wide-ranging experience in sclerotherapy with micro-foam, varicose vein removal with endovascular laser, ambulatory phlebectomy and the C.H.I.V.A technique, among others.

  • Spinal Surgery

    Spinal Surgery

    Slipped discs and spinal stenosis usually affect the lumbar and cervical spine and the spinal surgery most requested by our international patients is laminectomy, as well as arthroplasty of the intervertebral disk and spinal fusion.

  • Ophtalmology and laser eye surgery

    Ophtalmology and laser eye surgery

    Our international hospital uses a new femtosecond laser, the most technologically advanced refractive surgery system currently available. It can correct long-sightedness and refractive defects such as short sightedness, astigmatism or hypermetropia in a single operation.
    The most popular ophthalmology surgeries among our international patients are laser eye surgery, glaucoma and cataract surgery.

  • Imaging Diagnosis

    Imaging Diagnosis

    Radiology and nuclear medicine are medical specialties that focus on the diagnosis of diseases through the interpretation of images. They provide fundamental information for the Medical Check-Up Unit. At Hospital Vithas Xanit Internationalthese two specialities are integrated into a single service in order to provide the maximum reliability and diagnostic coordination.

  • Medical check up

    Medical check up

    Evolving health concepts, greater longevity and technological developments mean that it is increasingly important to detect and make an early diagnosis on diseases and prevent them.
    Therefore, periodic health check-up is the most efficient and secure way of controlling your health.

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology – Hysterectomy

    Obstetrics and Gynecology – Hysterectomy

    Various conditions might lead to a hysterectomy or uterine ablation: uterine cancer, cervical cancer, ovarian cancer, uterine fibroids, endometriosis, uterine prolapse, adenomyosis.
    This surgery can be traumatising for women and so the psychology department at Hospital Vithas Xanit Internacional helps women through this process.