Obesity is a more and more extended healthcare problem so, how can we determine when somebody suffers from obesity or is simply overweighed ?
There are multiple types of obesity, not just one type. The word “obesity “is used to define different types of the same pathology though not all of them entail the very same risks for patients.
Obesity can be classified as moderate, severe or morbid.
To determine which type of obesity we are talking about, experts calculate what we call the Body Mass Index (BMI).
This result is based on a quite simple formula: body mass in kilograms is divided by the square of the body height in meters.
When resulting values range from 20 to 25, body weight is considered to be normal.
Values ranging 25 to 30 determine what is know as overweight. These extra kilos do start to affect patients ‘health though their health is not at risk.
2- Moderate obesity
When BMI ranges between 30 to 35 obesity is very clearly a problem and the risks derived from the pathology are quite high (hypertension, diabetes, cancer…)
3- Severe obesity
When BMI is over 35 and below 40, overweight is then classified as severe obesity.
In these cases, the risk to develop severe pathologies is so high that the first important thing to do is to start losing weight.
With a BMI superior to 35 patients can enroll for a bariatric surgery.
4- Morbid and massive obesity
When BMI is over 40, obesity is classified as morbid obesity.
Some specialists add another grade to this scale with the so-called massive obesity, reached with a BMI superior to 50.
Obesity, a fat distribution problem
Apart from body mass index, experts divide patients into two different categories based on body fat distribution:
1- Android obesity
In this particular case, body fat excess is primarily located in the upper part of the body.
This type is said to entail more severe risks since it is related to problems like hypertension, diabetes or cardiovascular pathologies.
This is why some specialists choose to use this “classification” better than the BMI.
2- Gynoid obesity
This is when fat excess is localized in the lower part of the body. This type is said to be less dangerous for patients ‘health and to entail disorders in the joint areas or venous insufficiency.
It is, however, more difficult to treat than the android obesity type.
To face these obesity problems and when controlled diets are failing to prove efficient, bariatric surgery is often a good option.
At Vithas Xanit, our highly specialized and experienced multidisciplinary teams provides all kinds of obesity treatments helped by an expert team of surgeons trained to carry out these different Bariatric Surgery techniques. This surgical team works hand in hand with the Endocrinology and Nutrition Units to provide a close follow up of patients and ensure the best results and provide maximum guarantee levels to all our patients.