In what consists arthroscopy of the joints?
Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive endoscopic surgery which enables the orthopedic surgeon to view the interior of a joint through a camera, allowing a better diagnosis and, when possible, treatments of problems inside a joint, without having to perform a traditional “open” surgery.
For this, an instrument called arthroscope (an instrument consisting of an optic fiber with small camera and lighting system at his end) is inserted through a small incision (from 4 to 8 mm), allowing the surgeons to see in a screen the interior of the joint. Then, an intubation is also introduced through another small incision for the instruments which allows the surgeon to directly intervene on the joint.
Which problems can be treated with an arthroscopy?
Accidents or diseases can damage bones, cartilage, ligaments, muscles, and tendons in the joints. With an arthroscopy, it is possible to better diagnose this damage and in many cases perform a reconstructive surgery of the joints in a minimally invasive way.
Some of the tissues of the joints which can be repaired through this surgery are the following:
- Ligaments reconstruction: the ligaments can be re-tensed, sewn or replaced when necessary. To replace a ligament, an autograft or allograft (donor graft) is used.
- The cruciate ligaments of the knee
- Reconstruction of the capsule: the damaged area of the capsule of a joint is repaired.
- Cartilage reconstruction: in certain types of lesions, grafting of cartilaginous cells can be performed.
- Reconstruction of the knee meniscus: with certain types of lesions, meniscus can be sutured.
The joints most commonly treated with this technique are the knee, shoulder, hip, elbow, ankle, and wrist. However, not all the cases are possible to be treated with this technique, some major cases may still require an “open” surgery to be treated.
Advantages of arthroscopy surgery
The main advantages of an arthroscopy surgery in comparison with a traditional “open” surgery is that is only necessary to perform some smaller incisions and not fully open the joint, and so requiring a shorter recovery time to heal after the surgery than the traditional procedures. In addition, the pain in the joint is minimal with this type of surgery.
Arthroscopy surgery and anesthesia
These minimally invasive surgeries are performed under general or locoregional anesthesia.
How long is the stay in the hospital after an arthroscopy?
Depending on the reconstruction surgery, the patient usually remains in hospital less than 24 hours. However, it will still require some days of rest before resuming daily activity and several weeks of rehabilitation.
Recovery and rehabilitation after surgery
After the surgery, rehabilitation is necessary for several weeks in order to speed the recovery and maximally recover the joint function and movement.
Postoperative follow-up arthroscopy of the joints
Periodic check-ups are highly recommended.
Arthroscopy of the joints in Costa del Sol, Spain
Vithas Xanit International Hospital is located in Benalmadena, at the heart of the Costa del Sol (Malaga, Spain), where you can benefit of the excellent quality/price ratio of the treatments in Spain, and recover from your arthroscopy surgery with the advantages of the Mediterranean climate.
Arthroscopy surgery cost
If you are interested in the arthroscopy surgery at Vithas Xanit International Hospital, please contact us for an estimation of the surgery cost for your particular case.