Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive endoscopic surgery which enables the orthopedic surgeon to view the interior of a joint through a camera, allowing a better diagnosis and, when possible, treatments of problems inside a joint, without having to perform a traditional “open” surgery.
For this, an instrument called arthroscope (an instrument consisting of an optic fiber with small camera and lighting system at his end) is inserted through a small incision (from 4 to 8 mm), allowing the surgeons to see in a screen the interior of the joint. Then, an intubation is also introduced through another small incision for the instruments which allows the surgeon to directly intervene on the joint.
Accidents or diseases can damage bones, cartilage, ligaments, muscles, and tendons in the joints. With an arthroscopy, it is possible to better diagnose this damage and in many cases perform a reconstructive surgery of the joints in a minimally invasive way.
Some of the tissues of the joints which can be repaired through this surgery are the following:
The joints most commonly treated with this technique are the knee, shoulder, hip, elbow, ankle, and wrist. However, not all the cases are possible to be treated with this technique, some major cases may still require an “open” surgery to be treated.
The main advantages of an arthroscopy surgery in comparison with a traditional “open” surgery is that is only necessary to perform some smaller incisions and not fully open the joint, and so requiring a shorter recovery time to heal after the surgery than the traditional procedures. In addition, the pain in the joint is minimal with this type of surgery.
These minimally invasive surgeries are performed under general or locoregional anesthesia.
Depending on the reconstruction surgery, the patient usually remains in hospital less than 24 hours. However, it will still require some days of rest before resuming daily activity and several weeks of rehabilitation.
After the surgery, rehabilitation is necessary for several weeks in order to speed the recovery and maximally recover the joint function and movement.
Periodic check-ups are highly recommended.
Vithas Xanit International Hospital is located in Benalmadena, at the heart of the Costa del Sol (Malaga, Spain), where you can benefit of the excellent quality/price ratio of the treatments in Spain, and recover from your arthroscopy surgery with the advantages of the Mediterranean climate.
If you are interested in the arthroscopy surgery at Vithas Xanit International Hospital, please contact us for an estimation of the surgery cost for your particular case.