The circulatory system is responsible for carrying poorly oxygenated blood from the periphery to the heart by means of a network of vessels called veins.
Venous Insufficiency is a chronic disease, very common, which consists in the inability of the veins to carry blood from the legs to the heart.
In Spain, venous insufficiency affects one person every three.
Causes and symptoms
As explained by Dr. Pedro Aranda, Head of the Vascular Surgery Unit at Vithas Xanit International Hospital: “The valves which are found in the walls of the veins, lose their elasticity and can cause swelling, so that the movement becomes more difficult”. The main factors which favor the appearance of venous insufficiency are:
- Sitting or standing for long periods of time
- A family history of venous insufficiency
- Background of deep venous thrombosis in the legs
- Smoking habitually
In addition, the most common symptoms include swelling, pain and heaviness of the legs, the pain gets worse when standing and improves when sitting or lying down with the legs elevated.
Finally, it causes the appearance of vascular spider and varicose veins. Varicose veins are the result of blood accumulation in the veins, causing their dilation and adopting a purple or dark blue color.
How is it diagnosed?
At Vithas Xanit International Hospital, the specialist doctor, who is the vascular surgeon, will undertake a physical examination and detailed questioning. Then he will perform an ultrasound, called venous Echo-Doppler which will indicate the degree of the disease and the therapeutic options that can be established, depending on each particular case.
Dr. Pedro Aranda, Director of the Vascular Surgery Unit at Vithas Xanit International Hospital, emphasizes that a healthy lifestyle, doing physical exercise, avoiding overweight and sedentarism, contribute, among people with risks of venous insufficiency, to prevent the development of the varicose veins.