• 06 JUN 18
    Recommendations to combat the ‘Tiger’ mosquito

    Recommendations to combat the ‘Tiger’ mosquito

    • The high rainfall recorded in recent months, suggest a greater presence of this insect (typical of tropical climates) in the Mediterranean coast of our country.
    • Its bite, whose duration is longer than that of the common mosquito, can cause great local inflammation, rashes, secondary infections after excessive skin scraping, and even urticaria and anaphylactic shocks.

    The tiger mosquito is an invasive species that arrived in our country in 2004 along the Catalan coast and, since that date, has spread mainly through the Ebro basin and the Mediterranean arc. The numerous rains collected during this spring have favored water accumulations or pools, creating the perfect universe for the development and reproduction of these insects whose larvae reproduce more easily as temperatures rise.

    But unlike common mosquitoes, whose bites do not generate more than simple discomfort, the species ‘tiger’ is an important transmitter of tropical diseases such as Dengue or Zika. The symptoms and main characteristics of his bite are exposed by Dr. Clara Pérez Padilla, Head of Allergology at Vithas Xanit International Hospital: «The reactions are similar to those caused by the common mosquito (hardening of the skin, redness, local itching, etc.) but those of the tiger mosquito are usually multiple bites and much more painful, because there is more inflammation of the skin and they require more days for their total cure. They can bite anywhere in the body, but especially in the legs. Exceptionally, in patients allergic to venom, generalized urticaria, and even anaphylactic shock may appear. »

    The venom of its saliva injected into the skin generates a local reaction because it contains proteins that the host’s immune system sees as foreign substances. As for the measures that the population should take to prevent the bites of these uncomfortable visitors, Dr. Pérez insists on using, first of all, common sense and applying measures identical to those we take with common mosquitoes. «To avoid mosquito bites there are a number of recommendations, in addition to the use of repellents: minimize exposed body areas using long shirts and pants (somewhat complicated in summer), avoid going to the countryside or walking near rivers, wetlands, marshes and garden areas especially during the hours of sunrise and sunset, do not use flashy colors, install mosquito nets on doors and windows and if necessary, use air conditioning, which prevents the entry of mosquitoes due to the decrease in temperature. »

    What kind of repellent is best suited to fight against the tiger mosquito?

    When choosing a repellent, the first thing we have to take into account is that it is authorized by the Ministry of Health. It is important to know that, as a general rule, repellents based on essential oils, such as geraniol oil or citronella, have less effect than those containing DEET (N, N-Diethyl-meta-toluamide), icaridine or derivatives of PMD (p-methane-3,8 diol) and that, at higher concentration, longer duration of effect. However, a concentration greater than 50% of DEET can cause skin irritation.

    What if he has already bitten us?

    Maybe, despite applying all the preventive measures mentioned above, the tiger mosquito manages to avoid them and leave us their dreaded bite. In this case «we must avoid scratching as much as possible, apply ice initially in the area for 10-15 minutes to lower the inflammation and prevent the poison from spreading. If we go to the Emergency Department, we will presumably be prescribed oral antihistamines, corticosteroids or topical antiseptics. Occasionally, oral corticosteroids and even antibiotics are necessary, but it is important to know that we must avoid the use of typical antihistamines in creams that are usually offered in pharmacies» concludes the doctor Pérez Padilla, who also recommends going to the allergist

    If during your stay on the Costa del Sol you have an allergic reaction to the bite of a mosquito or any other insect, Vithas Xanit International Hospital has a medical emergency service available 24 hours a day.

Dr. Radua Kamal Salah

Thank you for the kindness, good humour that you have shown as well as the wonderful food. This certainly helps to make a sick person feel better and have a speedy recovery.


Medical Specialities

  • Hair Transplantation Unit

    At Vithas Xanit we offer the most advanced technology for hair transplantation surgery and for non surgical treatments. We attend both men and women, suffering from any capillary loss, either on the scalp or in any other body area (beard, moustache, eyebrows or eyelashes).

  • Cosmetic Surgery and Anti Aging

    Cosmetic Surgery and Anti Aging

    At Hospital Vithas Xanit Internacional, the Cosmetic and Plastic Surgery Unit helps patients to feel good about themselves.
    The latest medical technology and our doctors and surgeons’ perfectionism are key factors in terms of patient satisfaction with the results of their cosmetic surgery or treatment. Liposuction, breast enlargements, rhinoplasty and tummy tucks are among the most applied treatments.

  • Dental surgery and Cosmetic Dentistry

    Dental surgery and Cosmetic Dentistry

    Our dentists carry out your dental surgery and/or dental treatment quickly and efficiently.
    At Hospital Vithas Xanit Internacional, we guarantee high quality dental treatments such as dental surgery (dental implants, sinus lift) or cosmetic dentistry treatments (dental crown, dental bridge, veneers, dentures, etc.).

  • Orthopedic Surgery and Trauma

    Orthopedic Surgery and Trauma

    Orthopedic surgery quality and prices vary from country to country and Spain combines the best of both worlds.
    The most requested health tourism orthopedic surgeries are hip replacement and knee replacement. At Hospital Vithas Xanit Internacional, these procedures are performed using arthroscopy and Minimally Invasive Techniques (MIS).

  • Heart Surgery

    Heart Surgery

    Our Vithas Xanit Cardiology Area is an international benchmark for heart diseases. It boasts cardiologist and specialist heart surgeon on conditions such as arrhythmia, implanting pacemakers, angioplasty, heart bypass, repair to the aortic valve and mitral valve, heart valve replacement and percutaneous mitral valve repair.

  • Obesity treatment and Bariatric Surgery

    Obesity treatment and Bariatric Surgery

    Obesity is considered to be one of Western countries’ major health issues and consequently the demand for bariatric surgery is on the up, particularly concerning gastric banding and gastric bypass
    Our surgeons have been widely trained in this area, with over 20 years’ experience in all bariatric surgeries. They are all done by laparoscopy.

  • Digestive Surgery – Gallbladder Surgery

    Digestive Surgery – Gallbladder Surgery

    The General Surgery and Digestive System Service at Hospital Vithas Xanit Internacional can boast the most advanced technology and latest generation equipment for treating a wide variety of digestive pathologies such as in gallbladder. This service offers advanced laparoscopy surgery as the main way of tackling most surgical pathologies.

  • Urology – TURP

    Urology – TURP

    The Hospital Vithas Xanit Internacional Urology service employs European Board of Urology-certified urologists. This unit offers patients the latest diagnosis techniques, treatments and procedures. At our International Hospital, Transurethral Resection of the Prostate (TURP) is the most frequently used technique to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia.

  • Vascular Surgery – Phlebology

    Vascular Surgery – Phlebology

    Venous insufficiency is a chronic pathology that affects one in three adults. It is characterised by a deficient blood return in the lower limbs.
    Our International Hospital medical team has wide-ranging experience in sclerotherapy with micro-foam, varicose vein removal with endovascular laser, ambulatory phlebectomy and the C.H.I.V.A technique, among others.

  • Spinal Surgery

    Spinal Surgery

    Slipped discs and spinal stenosis usually affect the lumbar and cervical spine and the spinal surgery most requested by our international patients is laminectomy, as well as arthroplasty of the intervertebral disk and spinal fusion.

  • Ophtalmology and laser eye surgery

    Ophtalmology and laser eye surgery

    Our international hospital uses a new femtosecond laser, the most technologically advanced refractive surgery system currently available. It can correct long-sightedness and refractive defects such as short sightedness, astigmatism or hypermetropia in a single operation.
    The most popular ophthalmology surgeries among our international patients are laser eye surgery, glaucoma and cataract surgery.

  • Imaging Diagnosis

    Imaging Diagnosis

    Radiology and nuclear medicine are medical specialties that focus on the diagnosis of diseases through the interpretation of images. They provide fundamental information for the Medical Check-Up Unit. At Hospital Vithas Xanit Internationalthese two specialities are integrated into a single service in order to provide the maximum reliability and diagnostic coordination.

  • Medical check up

    Medical check up

    Evolving health concepts, greater longevity and technological developments mean that it is increasingly important to detect and make an early diagnosis on diseases and prevent them.
    Therefore, periodic health check-up is the most efficient and secure way of controlling your health.

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology – Hysterectomy

    Obstetrics and Gynecology – Hysterectomy

    Various conditions might lead to a hysterectomy or uterine ablation: uterine cancer, cervical cancer, ovarian cancer, uterine fibroids, endometriosis, uterine prolapse, adenomyosis.
    This surgery can be traumatising for women and so the psychology department at Hospital Vithas Xanit Internacional helps women through this process.