What is glaucoma?
Glaucoma is one of the most common eye diseases. It is a chronic disease in which the optic nerve is progressively damaged as a consequence of ocular hypertension maintained for many years.
Glaucoma is a very common disease among people older than 40 years. It is the leading cause of blindness in the world.
Generally, it affects both eyes, although there are times when it can affect one more than the other.
Chronic or open-angle glaucoma is the most common way, although there is also a closed-angle glaucoma.
What symptoms does it present?
Initially, the disease has no symptoms, although if you feel deep eye pains or very red eyes, you should go to your specialist as quickly as possible.
Another symptom may be having blurred vision.
When this disease is at a very advanced stage, it seriously affects the patient’s vision and is what is known as chronic or open-angle glaucoma.
How is it diagnosed?
In an initial consultation, the ophthalmologist measures the intraocular pressure of the eye using a device called a tonometer.
The ophthalmologist also examines the patient’s fundus to check the state of the optic nerve.
If you have thyroid disease, diabetes and /or are more than 40-50 years old, you have more risk of suffering from glaucoma.
In case you are diagnosed with the disease, it is advisable to make regular visits to the ophthalmologist to carry out an adequate follow-up.
How is it treated?
The most effective way that exists today is through laser surgery, whose main objective is to reduce eye pressure and stabilize it so that there are no abrupt changes in it.
In the Vithas Xanit International Hospital of Benalmadena, belonging to the Vithas group, in the Ophthalmology unit, the best experts in eye surgery treat glaucoma disease by laser or conventional surgery, so that the patient can recover his sight in the safest way and less annoying to him. This unit is led by Dr. Cilveti.