With the arrival of autumn there are several environmental and climatological changes: lowering of atmospheric pressure, less daylight hours, lowering and / or changes in temperature, greater humidity in the environment…
These changes affect our immune system, metabolism and mood, favoring the appearance with greater ease of certain diseases.
The following are some of the most common diseases in autumn:
Flu and colds
In the case of the flu, colds, etc… in autumn the following conditions that favor its appearance and infection occur:
- Greater resistance of viruses, such as flu, in cold air.
- Less ventilation of the houses and other interiors of buildings, favoring the accumulation of germs and other pathogens, which facilitates the contagion.
- Immunosuppression due to abrupt temperature changes and lower number of hours of sunlight.
Next, we indicate diseases related to flu and colds, their symptoms, and what we can do to prevent or treat them.
The flu causes symptoms much more severe than the cold: high fever, chills, fatigue and muscle pain, as well as headaches and coughing. The usual treatment consists of analgesics and medicines to reduce fever.
Children, elderly people and those with pathologies such as asthma or heart problems are more vulnerable, so they must take special care. The best way to prevent the flu is vaccination.
Among its symptoms are sore throat, frequent sneezing and abundant mucus, causing moderate fever, loss of appetite and headaches. It usually lasts a few days, but can cause other infections, such as sinusitis.
Something more severe than the cold, causes severe headaches or pain in the teeth, sometimes in the ears, depending on the inflamed areas. It also causes a sensation of pressure on the face, cough, fever and greenish or yellowish secretions.
Allergic rhinitis causes symptoms similar to the cold, but with itching in the throat, nose and eyes, because the cause, in this case, is contact with an allergen. An allergy test is necessary to find out the cause.
Cough usually accompanies flu and colds, but it can also appear or remain without them. Mainly there are two types of cough:
- Dry cough, causing sore throat and repetitive cough without secretion, treated with antitussive syrups.
- Cough with mucus, which is treated with expectorant syrups that help to expel it.
Tips to prevent flu, colds…
Follow these general tips will help us to prevent flu, colds and other similar pathologies:
- Ventilate the houses well, despite the colder temperatures outside.
- Wash sheets and other bedding
- Avoid, as far as possible, exposure to sudden changes in temperature, wear appropriate clothing.
- Expose to the sun.
- Varied and healthy diet.
- To prevent the flu, get vaccinated, especially those people with greater vulnerability: elderly people and/or with chronic diseases.
Allergies and Asthma
At this time, cold air and humidity, as well as the greater presence of dust mites in closed and humid environments, cause irritation of the respiratory tract, so that those suffering from allergy can be affected by episodes of asthma. Mold can also cause allergies to some people.
A good advice to prevent or mitigate the effects of asthma is to have the throat permanently hydrated, with broths and hot drinks. Steam saunas can also help. Try not to have too many elements or ornaments that are difficult to clean, such as carpets, stuffed animals, etc… to prevent the accumulation of dust mites, moisture…
A badly healed flu can lead to the onset of bacterial pulmonary infections, such as pneumonia, since the probability of contracting them increases with the other seasonal factors of the arrival of autumn discussed above.
To prevent them, monitor the expectorations of those who have the flu because, if they appear yellowish or greenish, it means there is a bacterial infection, which is usually a greater concern than the flu itself.
At this time of the year, due to the humid environments, heated by heating and poorly ventilated that are produced inside the rooms, increases the proliferation of dust mites, which causes that those who are allergic to dust have a greater risk of dermatitis.
To prevent this, you must ventilate the rooms thoroughly and vacuum frequently.
Rheumatic diseases produce joint pains especially when changes in atmospheric pressure occur, something very common in the autumn, so the symptoms of these diseases are manifested more frequently at this time of year.
In these cases, it is best to consult a specialized doctor to help us find the best way to relieve pain.
It is a temporary disorder, caused by the bad adaptation to the change of season, causing apathy, sadness, bad mood, fatigue and/or lack of sleep…
In this post you will find more information about this disorder and what can be done to prevent it or mitigate its symptoms: What is Autumnal Asthenia?
In autumn, cases of peptic (stomach) ulcers increase, since the bacterium Helicobacter pyroli, whose infection is the main cause of these ulcers, is more active during this time. In addition, due to the greater occurrence of colds and muscle or joint pains, more anti-inflammatories are used, whose abuse can also cause such ulcers.
Vitamin D deficiency
In autumn, due to less exposure to the sun, our body produces less vitamin D, being easier to have a lack of this vitamin during this time of year, which can cause mood problems, immune problems, etc.
To prevent the lack of vitamin D is necessary to take the sun at least 20 minutes a day and, of course, take care of the diet, including in our diet foods that contain cholesterol (always within the possible and reasonable in each case), from which our body produces vitamin D: animal fats, eggs, avocados, bananas…
Either due to any of these autumnal pathologies or for any other reason, if at any time you need medical assistance remember that in the Vithas Xanit International Hospital we have the best specialists, as well as an emergency service available 24 hours a day. Contact us if you want more information or make an appointment.