What is hyperhidrosis?
Hyperhidrosis is a significant increase in sweating, which is more common in the armpits and palms of the hands. It can also occur on the feet, although less frequently and with less social impact.
Why do we sweat?
Sweating is a function of the skin that involves the release of liquid rich in salts, by the sweat glands. This function serves, fundamentally, to promote thermoregulation, that is, to maintain a constant body temperature at 37ºC.
When the body needs to release heat, perspiration and cooling of the skin occurs through evaporation. For this reason, we sweat when we have heat, during physical exercise or in situations of tension, in which the nervous discharge increases our body temperature.
When does it usually manifest?
Hyperhidrosis has a genetic component, although it does not necessarily have to be inherited or coincide in the area of affection.
Palmar hyperhidrosis usually appears during childhood, although it begins to manifest an increase in symptoms during puberty. Statistically, improvements begin to be observed after the age of forty and are usually minimized during maturity.
Hyperhidrosis has an important psychological component. For example, when we face an important meeting or a job interview and we know that excessive sweating is going to cause a social problem, our anxiety is triggered and this, in turn, increases sweating. A vicious circle that can complicate our social relationships and affect our quality of life.
Tips for endure it
The psychological impact of hyperhidrosis can cause complex or interfere with the daily life of the sufferer. Patients try to accommodate themselves to the problem and usually adopt special patterns of behavior, such as:
- Avoid situations that lead to physical contact, such as shaking hands.
- Limit the movements of the arms and adopt rigid postures to hide the excessive sweating of the armpits.
- Change clothes several times throughout the day.
- Avoid activities that involve holding objects safely.
The types of treatments that exist today are the following:
- Infiltrations with botulinum toxin needles mainly in palms of the hand and foot plants
- Dermatological treatments
- Surgical treatments: eliminating the sweat glands
- Endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy: it is usually used for extreme sweating on the face or palms of the hands. It consists of the introduction of a small camera or endoscope in the thorax to locate the nerves that control sweating and act on them.
If you suffer from this pathology, at Vithas Xanit International Hospital in Benalmádena, our specialists in the Dermatology Unit will advise you and make a first contact to assess your case with the utmost professionalism.