With the arrival of summer the heat and the good weather arrive, being the time of the year in which most of us usually spend more time outdoors.
However, we must not forget that overexposure to high temperatures can pose a great risk to our health. On the other hand, when we are indoors, the inappropriate use or abuse of air conditioning equipment can also cause our health to suffer.
Below we review in more detail some tips to easily prevent possible health problems that can be caused by both excessive exposure to high temperatures and the improper use of air conditioning systems.
Prevent heat stroke
Outdoor daytime temperatures, especially in hot areas, can become very high in summer, to the extent that if we stay exposed to the sun too long under these conditions we can become dehydrated and suffer what is known as heat stroke, causing failure in the functioning of various internal organs due to excessive increase in body temperature, endangering even our lives.
The main tips to prevent the risk of heat stroke are, on the one hand, to avoid as much as possible to expose yourself to the sun during the hottest hours, especially the central hours of the day (12 to 17 hours), trying to stay in a place in the shade, cool and ventilated; and on the other hand, try to stay well hydrated, drinking plenty of water frequently (or juices or isotonic drinks).
And we must not forget that older people and children are more vulnerable to heat stroke, so we must be especially careful with them.
Prevent health problems caused by air conditioning
With the intense summer heat, it is necessary, especially in those areas with a warm climate, to use air conditioning. However, it is advisable to be careful not to abuse the air conditioning and to take some precautions to avoid our health being affected by it.
Next we review some basic tips to prevent possible health problems arising from improper use of air conditioning:
- Moderate air conditioning temperature and power: too sudden changes in temperature negatively affect our immune system and our health, so it is advisable to moderate the temperature and power to avoid that the temperature difference when entering or leaving the rooms is excessive and may harm us. In general, a temperature of 24º in summer is sufficient to make it comfortable, and it is not advisable to program lower temperatures. In case of using it at night, better not to program it at less than 25º, to prevent it from causing irritation to the respiratory mucosa, and other adverse effects, although it is best to avoid using it at night, whenever possible.
- If we cannot avoid sudden changes in temperature, it is recommended to wear thin clothes: sometimes, the temperature of the air conditioning does not depend on us, as often happens in offices and other establishments. In these cases, it is advisable to wear a thin garment when we access these environments to avoid exposing ourselves so directly to too cold air compared to the outside.
- Avoid the direct current of the air conditioning: direct exposure to the air current of the air conditioning equipment (especially when working at high power), can negatively affect us, especially our eyes, causing them to dry quickly and promoting appearance of dry eye. Therefore, we should try to avoid prolonged positioning in these currents.
- Beware of contractures: cold air, especially with the sudden change in temperatures after being exposed to heat or after exercising, can cause contractures in the muscles. To prevent it, it is recommended to avoid exposing yourself to direct air flow, wear thin clothing and moderate the temperature and power of the air conditioning.
- Keep air conditioning equipment in good condition and clean: cleaning and/or changing the air conditioning filters at least once a year. In this way we will avoid the accumulation of germs that can affect our health (some of them seriously), and allergens such as pollen, among others.
- Have time intervals in which the air conditioning is turned off, instead of having it running continuously, in order to prevent the environment from drying out excessively. Whenever possible, ventilate space exposed to air conditioning.
- Hydrate properly: Although we are at a comfortable temperature in an air-conditioned environment, it is also important not to forget to hydrate properly, drinking enough water or juices on a regular basis (between 2 and 3 liters a day). In this way we also prevent that the dryness that air conditioning can cause in the environment also dries up our airways and respiratory mucosa, causing annoying irritations.
Vithas hospitals are safe hospitals
Vithas’ 20 hospitals are safe hospitals for patients and professionals thanks to the implementation of strict safety protocols against covid-19. Among the measures implemented, the establishment of two different circuits stands out: one for people with symptoms compatible with covid-19, and the other for other patients.
Additionally, we supply masks and hydroalcoholic gel to all people who come to the hospital for any reason. In addition, the Group is carrying out massive virus detection tests on all personnel, who are equipped with all the necessary self-protection measures.
A security that has always been reinforced thanks to the fact that all Vithas hospitals implement the strict protocols of the Joint Commission International, world reference body that accredits patient safety and healthcare excellence.
For more information: https://preparadosparacuidarte.com/